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Sårbar, riskfylld, eller missgynnad?: Utsatthet bland ungdomar i Västerås stad
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Ungdomsåren är en omtumlande period av förändring och identitetsutveckling. När det rör sig om utsatta ungdomars hälsa är denna grupp exponerad för en eller flera riskfaktorer samtidigt. Enligt internationella och nationella styrdokument är ungdomar en prioriterad grupp då det finns studier som visar på en ojämlikhet i hälsa bland målgruppen. Studiens referensram innefattar tre olika dimensioner av begreppet utsatthet, vilka är sårbar, riskfylld och missgynnad. Syftet med denna studie var att få en ökad förståelse för nyckelpersoners uppfattningar gällande social utsatthet bland ungdomar i åldern 13-19 år. Studiens avsikt har även varit att identifiera utsatta ungdomars behov samt nuvarande och framtida insatser inom problemområdet. Tio enskilda djupintervjuer genomfördes inom sex olika arenor i Västerås stad. Resultatet visade att nyckelpersonernas uppfattningar överensstämde inom många aspekter när det rör sig om social utsatthet bland ungdomar. Resultatet visade vidare på att alla ungdomar är utsatta på ett eller annat sätt men att utsattheten är mer påtaglig bland ungdomar med bristande skyddsnät och ett negativt socialt nätverk. Vidare efterfrågades empowerment och meningsfulla fritidsaktiviteter av nyckelpersonerna samt ett ökat samarbete mellan olika aktörer i syfte att motverka denna utsatthet i Västerås.

Abstract [en]

The adolescence years can be seen as a critical period due to developmental changes. When it comes to the situation of vulnerable and disadvantaged adolescents, this group is often exposed to several risk factors simultaneously. According to international and national public health documents inequalities in health among adolescents prevail and they are therefore seen as a prioritized group in society. The study's frame of reference includes three dimensions such as vulnerable, hazardous and disadvantaged adolescents. Furthermore the purpose of the study was to explore different key persons' understanding of the target group in the age of 13-19, as well their knowledge of present activities to counteract this problem. In addition, the need for new activities and initiatives are identified within the purpose of the study. Ten indepth interviews were conducted at six different arenas which were associated with adolescents in one way or another. The result of the study indicated that most of the adolescents were negatively exposed in one way or another. However the most exposed were the adolescents with a lack of social support and a negative social network. The different key persons' concept of vulnerable and disadvantaged adolescents is mutual in many aspects. According to the study objects there is consequently a need for empowerment and meaningful recreational activities, as well as a need for an extended collaboration between different actors regarding the prevalent youth work in Västerås.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, Collaboration, Disadvantaged, Empowerment, Inequalities, Prioritized group
Keyword [sv]
Empowerment, Ojämlikhet i hälsa, Prioriterad grupp, Samverkan, Ungdomar, Utsatthet
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-6322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-6322DiVA: diva2:224263
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-07-06 Created: 2009-06-17 Last updated: 2009-07-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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