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Narcissism in patience admitted to psychiatric acute wards: its relation to violence, suicidality and other psychopathology
Department of Psychiatry, Sunnmore Hospital, 6026 Aalesund, Norway, and National University of Science and Technology, 7440 Trondheim, Norway.
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Broset, St. Olav’s Hospital, National University of Science and Technology, 7440 Trondheim, Norway. .
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3090-8437
Department of Psychiatry, Sunnmore Hospital, 6026 Aalesund, Norway, and National University of Science and Technology, 7440 Trondheim, Norway. .
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2008 (English)In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 8, no 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The objective was to examine various aspects of narcissism in patients admitted to acute psychiatric wards and to compare their level of narcissism to that of an age- and gender-matched sample from the general population (NORM).

Methods

This cross-sectional study interviewed 186 eligible acute psychiatric patients with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). The patients filled in the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-21 item version (NPI-21), The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. High and low narcissism was defined by the median of the total NPI-21 score. An age- and gender-matched control sample from the general population also scored the NPI-21 (NORM).

Results

Being male, involuntary admitted, having diagnosis of schizophrenia, higher self-esteem, and severe violence were significantly associated with high narcissism, and so were also low levels of suicidality, depression, anxiety and GAF scores. Severe violence and high self-esteem were significantly associated with high narcissism in multivariable analyses. The NPI-21 and its subscales showed test-retest correlations ≥0.83, while the BPRS and the HADS showed lower correlations, confirming the trait character of the NPI-21. Depression and suicidality were negatively associated with the NPI-21 total score and all its subscales, while positive association was observed with grandiosity. No significant differences were observed between patients and NORM on the NPI-21 total score or any of the NPI subscales.

Conclusion

Narcissism in the psychiatric patients was significantly associated with violence, suicidality and other symptoms relevant for management and treatment planning. Due to its trait character, use of the NPI-21 in acute psychiatric patients can give important clinical information. The similar level of narcissism found in patients and NORM is in need of further examination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 8, no 13
Keywords [en]
narcissism, NPI, violence, suicidality
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-6193DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-8-13ISI: 000253963600001PubMedID: 18304339Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-40949087698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-6193DiVA, id: diva2:223509
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-06-12 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Wallin, Juliska

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