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Känsla av ensamhet eller frihet: patienters upplevelser av isoleringsvård
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vårdpersonal som vårdar isolerade patienter kan känna en viss rädsla för att själva bli smittade och för att sprida smittan vidare till sina medarbetare och till övriga patienter. Denna rädsla kan uppstå till följd av okunskap och informationsbrist vilket i sin tur kan förvärra upplevelsen hos patienten som hålls isolerad. Problem: Patienter som vårdas isolerat påverkas i stor grad av sin situation. För att sjuksköterskor och övrig vårdpersonal ska kunna ge dessa patienter en god vård behövs en bättre förståelse för hur isolerade patienter upplever isoleringsvård. Syfte: Beskriva hur patienter upplever isoleringsvård. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie av kvalitativa studier. Resultat: De isolerade patienternas upplevelser kategoriserades i två teman; Frihet och Ensamhet med totalt åtta subteman; Brist på kommunikation, Patienters upplevelser av vårdpersonalens tillvägagångssätt, Att inte få besök, Negativa upplevelser av den fysiska miljön, God kommunikation, Stöd från anhöriga, Tro och reflektion, och Positiva upplevelser av den fysiska miljön. Slutsats: Slutsatsen dras att utan rätt stöd från anhöriga och personal blir isoleringen en negativ upplevelse som leder till en känsla av ensamhet oavsett varför patienten hålls isolerad.

Abstract [en]

Background: Nursing staff that care for patients in isolation can feel a certain fear, a fear for also being infected and also infecting colleagues and other patients. This fear is based on a lack of knowledge and information which can lead to negative experience for the patient in isolation. Problem: Patients who are cared for in isolation are often significantly impacted by their current surroundings. It is necessary, that if nurses and other nursing staff are to give the patients good healthcare then they need a better understanding of how patients experience isolation. Aim: To describe how patients experience healthcare in Isolation. Method: Systematic literature review of qualitative studies. Result: The experience for isolated patients are categorized into two themes; Freedom and Loneliness which in turn have eight sub-themes; Lack of communication, Patients experience of how the nursing staff act, To not get visits, Negative experience of the physical environment, Good communication, Support from relatives, Faith and reflection, and Positive experience of the physical environment. Conclusion: That, without the correct support from relatives and nursing staff, care for patients in isolation will be considered as negative and will lead to a feeling of loneliness, irrespective for the reason why the patient is in care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
experience, healthcare, isolation, patient, systematic literature review
Keyword [sv]
isolering, patient, systematisk litteraturstudie, upplevelse, vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-6061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-6061DiVA: diva2:221370
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok

Supervisors
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Available from: 2009-06-11 Created: 2009-06-04 Last updated: 2009-06-11Bibliographically approved

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