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Physical activity, diet, and behavioral modification in the treatment of overweight and obese adults: a systematic review
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4537-030X
RPT, Stadsträdgårdens Physiotherapy, Sala, Sweden.
RPT, Hallsta Primary Care, Vegagatan, Hallstahammar.
2009 (English)In: Perspectives in Public Health, ISSN 1757-9139, Vol. 129, no 3, p. 132-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim was to extend the body of knowledge through a systematic review that combines the strengths and partly fills the gaps from earlier reviews. The aim is to review randomized controlled trials of the long-term effectiveness of physical exercise/activity with or without diet and/or behaviour modification therapy in terms of training effect, weight loss and improvement of body composition in overweight and obese, healthy adults.Methods: Data for systematic review was collected via a search of databases for literature published between 1995 and 2006. The search yielded 12 articles.Results: The studies showed that training intensity should be moderate. The treatment of overweight and obese individuals with training alone cannot be expected to result in any substantial weight loss but should be combined with diet and behaviour modification therapy. However training can be an important factor in preventing further weight gain, or in helping individuals maintain a lowered body weight.Conclusion: According to this systematic review of randomized controlled trials, the treatment that produced the best weight loss results included a combination of training, behaviour therapy and diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: SAGE , 2009. Vol. 129, no 3, p. 132-142
Keywords [en]
overweight; obese; physical acitivity; diet; weight loss; adult; systematic review
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-6041DOI: 10.1177/1757913908094805ISI: 000266655000028Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-65649112128OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-6041DiVA, id: diva2:221112
Available from: 2009-06-03 Created: 2009-06-03 Last updated: 2015-12-30

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://rsh.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/129/3/132

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Söderlund, Anne

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CiteExportLink to record
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