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Improving policy making through government-industry policy learning: the case of a novel Swedish policy framework
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3831-0886
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9230-1596
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0300-0762
2009 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 86, no 4, p. 399-406Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change poses an unprecedented challenge for policy makers. This paper analyzes how industry sector policy expertise can contribute to improved policy making processes. Previous research has identified that policy making benefit by including non-governmental policy analysts in learning processes. Recent climate and energy policy developments, including policy amendments and the introduction of new initiatives, have rendered current policy regimes as novel both to governments and the industry. This increases business investment risk perceptions and may thus reduce the effectiveness and efficiency of the policy framework. In order to explore how government-industry policy learning can improve policy making in this context, this article studied the Swedish case. A literature survey analyzed how policy learning had been previously addressed, indentifying that the current situation regarding novel policies had been overlooked. Interviews provided how industrial actors view Swedish policy implementation processes and participatory aspects thereof. The authors conclude that an increased involvement of the industry sector in policy design and management processes can be an important measure to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of climate and energy policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2009. Vol. 86, no 4, p. 399-406
Keywords [en]
Energy policy; Climate policy; Policy design; Policy learning; Industry; Carbon dioxide
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5659DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.05.015ISI: 000263490400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-58049183467OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-5659DiVA, id: diva2:209989
Available from: 2009-03-30 Created: 2009-03-30 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The industry role in policymaking: Policy learning in climate politics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The industry role in policymaking: Policy learning in climate politics
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Climatic change has sparked a broad range of responses on all societal levels. New initiatives and negotiations, scientific findings, and technological developments, have established a novel framework for policymaking and industrial abatement investments. Lessons on the evolving framework should be analysed and utilised to handle the dynamic reality of climate policymaking processes.

Governments in the majority of economies only have an indirect and long-term influence on reducing industrial emissions, as they do not own the emitting operations. As representing one-third of the global carbon dioxide emissions, industry is therefore a key stakeholder group in whether or not the political agenda will be fulfilled. How industry perceives that obstacles and opportunities affect investment calculi are thus important. Hence, policymakers should facilitate policy learning (PL) to aid the creation of effective and efficient political agendas. This is important to acknowledge the policy and investment experiences of industrial actors and to deal with a number of plausible investment obstacles identified under the novel framework.

Taking stock of PL and other policy theories, this thesis is aimed to develop recommendations for facilitating PL and thus contributing to more effective and efficient climate policy frameworks. The results highlight the role of industry in abatement and political strategies where policymakers need to gain knowledge on how industries perceive abatement investment obstacles and how these may be bridged. The intrinsic learning values of government-industry negotiated agreements (NAs) are emphasised and a framework for operationalising PL through NA designs is developed. PL is furthermore identified as important, and NAs are recommended as a policy instrument, to fill knowledge gaps identified in two case-studies of promoting complex and novel industrial operations. This thesis also recommends a participatory policy evaluation tool that is sensitive to industrial competitiveness and establishes a forum for discussions on perceived investment obstacles and opportunities under different conditions. The results are not aimed to provide a blueprint for a comprehensive climate policy framework but as a contribution to literature and the incremental learning that this thesis strongly promotes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2009
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 78
Keywords
Climate policy; Policy learning; Participatory policymaking; Policy evaluation; Voluntary agreements; Negotiated agreements; Industry
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-7324 (URN)978-91-86135-40-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-11-02, Zeta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-06 Created: 2009-10-05 Last updated: 2013-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Stigson, PeterDotzauer, ErikJinhyue, Yan

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