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Le nivellement du vaudeville: remarques sur le para-discours chez Labiche
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
2008 (French)In: Belphegor, ISSN 1499-7185, E-ISSN 1499-7185, Vol. 8, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Labiche excels in the vaudeville, which is considered to be a "minor genre": consequently he has been allocated no more than a marginal place in the field of literary studies. In order to rehabilitate his work, I choose in this essay not to elaborate on Labiche's possible ideological standpoints according to the values at play, which is the common manner of attempting to restore the author, but to examine his practice of the vaudeville. Following its own para-discursive practices, this genre operate on a poetical level by incorporating in its own code - and, simultaneously, bringing to the same level - generic codes, well-known texts, everyday values and common thoughts. With the intention of discussing these mechanisms, the two plays La Dame aux jambes d'azur and La Cagnotte are thoroughly analysed: the first for its obvious meta-poetical dimension, the second for its thematical and discursive exemplarity. The study of these plays, as well as certain remarks about some other plays, show that the vaudeville tends to blur the categories on which the conceptualization and hierarchization of literature are based: high and low, major and minor, mimesis and semiosis, reality and fiction, stage and auditorium. Thus Labiche's vaudeville, as para-discursive or even "parasitic" discourse, remains extremely important for the (de)construction of literary studies, undermining and destabilising literature from within: a true aesthetic charge which probably calls for its condemnation and banning from this very field of study.

Abstract [fr]

Excellant dans des genres considérés comme « mineurs », Labiche est réduit à n'occuper qu'une place marginale dans le champ littéraire. Pour le réhabiliter, on propose dans cette étude non pas de s'interroger sur ses possibles postures idéologiques concernant les valeurs en jeu dans ses pièces, ce qui serait la manière habituelle d'essayer de restaurer notre auteur, mais d'examiner comment le vaudeville, de par sa nature para-discursive, opère au niveau poétique en nivelant des codes génériques, des textes connus, des valeurs sûres et des opinions courantes tout en les incorporant dans son propre jeu. Les deux pièces La Dame aux jambes d'azur et La Cagnotte servent de matériau d'analyse privilégié : le premier grâce à sa dimension méta-poétique patente, la deuxième en raison de son exemplarité thématique et discursive. L'étude de ces pièces, ainsi que des remarques sur un choix d'autres pièces, montre que le vaudeville tend à estomper les différences sur lesquelles sont construites la conceptualisation et la hiérarchisation littéraires : haut et bas, majeur et mineur, mimésis et sémiosis, réel et récit, salle et scène. Le vaudeville, en tant que discours para-discursif, voire parasitaire, garde alors toute son importance pour la (dé)construction du champ littéraire, minant et déstabilisant le champ littéraire de l'intérieur, véritable charge esthétique qui appelle sans doute la condamnation et l'exclusion de ce même champ.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 8, no 1
National Category
Performing Art Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-5654DiVA, id: diva2:209732
Projects
Motivering i fransk prosa från Chateaubriand till ProustAvailable from: 2009-03-26 Created: 2009-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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