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Effekter av funktionell träning på balans, benstyrka och self-efficacy hos äldre
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Fysisk aktivitet kan förebygga och minska åldersrelaterade fysiologiska och psykologiska förändringar. Effekterna av funktionell träning för äldre är dåligt studerat. I Sörmland pågår ett fallpreventionsprojekt som syftar till att halvera antalet höftfrakturer till år 2012. Studiens syfte var att undersöka om äldres balans, benstyrka och self-efficacy, en persons grad av självtillit att utföra en specifik aktivitet framgångsrikt, påverkades av att göra fem uppresningar från sittande till stående två gånger om dagen under fyra veckor. En intervention genomfördes med 23 deltagare på ett servicehus/äldreboende. Test genomfördes innan och efter interventionen. Mätinstrumenten var Timed Up and Go (TUG) för balans, Falls Efficacy Scale Swedish version (FES(s)) för self-efficacy och 30- seconds chair stand för benstyrka. Komparativ statistik med parametriskt test användes för att analysera skillnader inom gruppen. Resultatet av interventionen visade en signifikant ökad balans och benstyrka, men oförändrad self-efficacy. Författarna rekommenderar att servicehuset/äldreboendet bibehåller rutinen med fem uppresningar två gånger om dagen, men ytterligare studier med större deltagarantal, längre interventionstid, en kontrollgrupp och uppföljning behövs för att styrka och generalisera resultatet till fler verksamheter.

Abstract [en]

Physical activity can prevent and reduce age-related physiological and psychological changes. The effects of functional training on older people are poorly studied. A prevention programme in the county of Sörmland is underway, which aims to halve the number of hip fractures by 2012. The aim of this study was to examine whether the balance, leg strength and self-efficacy, a person's degree of self-confidence to perform a specific task successfully, of elderly persons was affected by performing five sitting-to-standing exercises twice a day during a four weeks period. An intervention was received by 23 participants in a service/residential home. Testing was conducted before and after the intervention. The measuring tools used were Timed Up and Go (TUG) for balance, Falls Efficacy Scale Swedish version (FES(s)) for self-efficacy and 30- seconds chair stand for leg strength. Comparative statistics with parametric test were used to analyze differences within the group. The results showed significant increased balance and leg strength, however self-efficacy was unchanged. The authors recommend that the service/residential home maintain the routine of five sitting-to-standing exercises twice a day, although further studies with a more participants, longer intervention time, a control group and follow up are needed to verify and generalize the results to other areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Balance, Elderly, Exercise, Fall prevention, Leg strength, Self-efficacy
Keyword [sv]
balans, benstyrka, fallprevention, fysisk aktivitet, self-efficacy, äldre
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-5622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-5622DiVA: diva2:208664
Presentation
S2-171, Box 883, Västerås (Swedish)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-03-31 Created: 2009-03-19 Last updated: 2009-03-31Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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