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Kostnaden att hjälpa: En kvalitativ studie om sekundär traumatisering hos samtalsbehandlare
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka samtalsbehandlares upplevelser samt kännedom om sekundär traumatisering. Studien syftar också till att undersöka samtalsbehandlares tankar om vad som kan förebygga samt hur eventuella negativa effekter av att arbeta med klienter som upplevt trauma kan hanteras. Sekundär traumatisering innebär att själv bli traumatiserad efter att ha tagit del av någon annans traumatiska berättelse. Tidigare forskning visar att socialarbetare anses vara i riskzonen för att drabbas av sekundär traumatisering. Detta kan medföra negativa konsekvenser, exempelvis i form av utbrändhet samt fysiska sjukdomar hos den drabbade. För att svara på studiens frågeställningar användes en kvalitativ studie i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Två teorier, känsla av sammanhang (KASAM) och copingteorin, användes som stöd under analysprocessen. I studien utfördes fem intervjuer av samtalsbehandlare som arbetar med våld i nära relation eller vuxna i missbruk. Studiens resultat visade att tre av respondenterna kände igen sig i beskrivningen av sekundär traumatisering genom att de har eller har haft symtom. Ingen av samtalsbehandlarna hade fått kunskap om sekundär traumatisering under deras grundutbildning medan två av samtalsbehandlarna saknade kunskap om fenomenet i nutid. Samtliga respondenter upplevde att deras arbete var meningsfullt och lyfte betydelsen av det kollegiala stödet i relation till arbetet med klienter som upplevt trauma. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to examine therapists' experiences and knowledge of secondary traumatization. At the same time, this study aims to examine therapists' thoughts regarding how eventual negative effects from working with clients who have experienced trauma can be handled or prevented. Secondary traumatization can be described as a phenomenon where a person gets traumatized by someone else’s traumatic story. Previous research shows that social workers are at risk to suffer from secondary traumatization, which can lead to negative consequences such as burnout and physical diseases in the affected person. To answer the research questions of this study, a qualitative method in the form of semi-structured interviews was used. Two theories, sense of coherence (SOC) and coping theory were used as helping tools in the analysis process. Five interviews were conducted by therapists who work with domestic violence or adults in addiction. The result of this study showed that three of the respondents could relate to the description of secondary traumatization in the sense that they have or have had symptoms. None of the therapists had gained knowledge of secondary traumatization during their undergraduate education while two of them did not have knowledge of the phenomenon in the present time. All respondents experienced that their job was meaningful and highlighted the importance of peer support when working with clients who have experienced trauma. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
social work, secondary traumatization, SOC, coping, peer support
Keywords [sv]
socialt arbete, sekundär traumatisering, KASAM, coping, kollegialt stöd
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-62866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-62866DiVA, id: diva2:1762727
Subject / course
Social Work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-16 Created: 2023-06-05 Last updated: 2023-06-16Bibliographically approved

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