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The Relation Between Gender Egalitarian Values and Gender Differences in Academic Achievement.
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. Centre for Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7164-0924
Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden..
Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden..
2020 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 11, article id 236Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Gender differences in achievement exhibit variation between domains and between countries. Much prior research has examined whether this variation could be due to variation in gender equality in opportunities, with mixed results. Here we focus instead on the role of a society's values about gender equality, which may have a more pervasive influence. We pooled all available country measures on adolescent boys' and girls' academic achievement between 2000 and 2015 from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments of math, science, and reading. We then analyzed the relation between gender differences and country levels of gender egalitarian values, controlling for country levels of living standards and indicators of gender equality in opportunities. Gender egalitarian values came out as the most important predictor. Specifically, more gender egalitarian values were associated with improved performance of boys relative to girls in the same countries. This pattern held in reading, where boys globally perform substantially worse than girls, as well as in math and science where gender differences in performance are small and may favor either boys or girls. Our findings suggest a previously underappreciated role of cultural values in moderating gender gaps in academic achievement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 11, article id 236
Keywords [en]
academic achievement, gender differences, gender egalitarian values, gender equality, literacy abilities, mathematics education
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-47253DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00236ISI: 000518945500001PubMedID: 32153461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-47253DiVA, id: diva2:1413948
Available from: 2020-03-11 Created: 2020-03-11 Last updated: 2020-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Kimmo

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