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Factors of importance for discontinuation of thiazides associated with hyponatremia in Sweden: A population-based register study.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Stockholm University, Dept of Publ Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. (HAL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3965-1666
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2019 (English)In: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, ISSN 1053-8569, E-ISSN 1099-1557Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: In a patient with clinically significant hyponatremia without other clear causes, thiazide treatment should be replaced with another drug. Data describing to which extent this is being done are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors that may be of importance for the withdrawal of thiazide diuretics in patients hospitalized due to hyponatremia.

METHODS: The study population was sampled from a case-control study investigating individuals hospitalized with a main diagnosis of hyponatremia. For every case, four matched controls were included. In the present study, cases (n = 5204) and controls (n = 7425) that had been dispensed a thiazide diuretic prior to index date were identified and followed onward regarding further dispensations. To investigate the influence of socioeconomic and sociodemographic factors, multiple logistic regression was used.

RESULTS: The crude prevalence of thiazide withdrawal for cases and controls was 71.9% and 10.8%, respectively. Thiazide diuretics were more often withdrawn in medium-sized towns (adjusted OR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.21-1.90) and rural areas (aOR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.40-2.34) compared with metropolitan areas and less so among divorced (aOR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.53-0.97). However, education, employment status, income, age, country of birth, and gender did not influence withdrawal of thiazides among patients with hyponatremia.

CONCLUSIONS: Thiazide diuretics were discontinued in almost three out of four patients hospitalized due to hyponatremia. Educational, income, gender, and most other sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors were not associated with withdrawal of thiazides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
drug-related problems, hyponatremia, pharmacoepidemiology, sociodemographic factors, thiazide diuretics
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Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46144DOI: 10.1002/pds.4922PubMedID: 31730289OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-46144DiVA, id: diva2:1371190
Available from: 2019-11-19 Created: 2019-11-19 Last updated: 2019-11-19

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