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Artificiell nutrition vid livets slut: En litteraturstudie ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Artificiell nutrition är en behandling som innebär att patienter får näring antingen via en sond eller intravenöst. Tidigare forskning visar att patienter och anhöriga upplever brister kring stödet i deras nya vardag där patienten får artificiell nutrition i livets slutskede. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter som får artificiell nutrition i livets slutskede. Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats och beskrivande syntes där tio artiklar har analyserats. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i två teman och fyra subteman. Det första temat var Kommunikationens betydelse med tillhörande subteman: Att kommunicera med patienter och anhöriga samt Att vara i en etisk svår situation. Det andra temat som framkom var Relationens betydelse med tillhörande subteman: Att sträva efter en god vårdrelation samt Att möta anhöriga. Slutsats: Behandling med artificiell nutrition i livets slutskede medför att sjuksköterskor behöver hantera både patienters och anhörigas olika åsikter, önskemål och känslor. Om sjuksköterskor inte tar hänsyn till dessa aspekter kan sjuksköterskorna orsaka ett lidande för patienterna.

Abstract [en]

Background: Artificial nutrition and hydration is a treatment that means that the patients gets their nutrition through a feeding tube or by intravenous administration. Previous research has shown that patients and relatives experience lack of support in their daily life where the patient receives artificial nutrition and hydration in the end of life. Aim: To describe the nurses experiences of caring for patients who gets artificial nutrition and hydration in the end of life. Method: A literature study with a qualitative term with descriptive synthesis of ten articles were analyzed. Results: The analysis resulted in two themes and four subthemes. The first theme was The importance of communication, which contained two sub-themes: To communicate with patients and relatives and To be in an ethical difficult situation. The second theme that emerged was The importance of the relationship, that contained the following two sub-themes: To strive for a good care relationship and To meet the relatives. Conclusion: Treatment with artificial nutrition and hydration in the end of life is causing that the nurses needs to cope with both the patients’ and their relatives’ different opinions, wishes and feelings. If the nurses don’t take these aspects into account, they could potentially cause a suffering for the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Experience, nurses, nutrition, palliative care
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, nutrition, palliativ vård, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-44020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-44020DiVA, id: diva2:1323929
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Artificiell nutrition vid livets slut(585 kB)59 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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