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Toward Shared Working Space of Human and Robotic Agents Through Dipole Flow Field for Dependable Path Planning
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5832-5452
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5224-8302
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Neurorobotics, ISSN 1662-5218, Vol. 12, article id 28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent industrial developments in autonomous systems, or agents, which assume that humans and the agents share the same space or even work in close proximity, open for new challenges in robotics, especially in motion planning and control. In these settings, the control system should be able to provide these agents a reliable path following control when they are working in a group or in collaboration with one or several humans in complex and dynamic environments. In such scenarios, these agents are not only moving to reach their goals, i.e., locations, they are also aware of the movements of other entities to find a collision-free path. Thus, this paper proposes a dependable, i.e, safe, reliable and effective, path planning algorithm for a group of agents that share their working space with humans. Firstly, the method employs the Theta* algorithm to initialize the paths from a starting point to a goal for a set of agents. As Theta* algorithm is computationally heavy, it only reruns when there is a significant change of the environment. To deal with the movements of the agents, a static flow field along the configured path is defined. This field is used by the agents to navigate and reach their goals even if the planned trajectories are changed. Secondly, a dipole field is calculated to avoid the collision of agents with other agents and human subjects. In this approach, each agent is assumed to be a source of a magnetic dipole field in which the magnetic moment is aligned with the moving direction of the agent. The magnetic dipole-dipole interactions between these agents generate repulsive forces to help them to avoid collision. The effectiveness of the proposed approach has been evaluated with extensive simulations. The results show that the static flow field is able to drive agents to the goals with a small number of requirements to update the path of agents. Meanwhile, the dipole flow field plays an important role to prevent collisions. The combination of these two fields results in a safe path planning algorithm, with a deterministic outcome, to navigate agents to their desired goals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA , 2018. Vol. 12, article id 28
Keywords [en]
navigation field. Theta star algorithm, dependability, multiple agents, path planning, dynamic environment
National Category
Computer Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39973DOI: 10.3389/fnbot.2018.00028ISI: 000434293100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048966124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-39973DiVA, id: diva2:1222435
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbot.2018.00028/full

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Trinh, LanAnhEkström, MikaelCuruklu, Baran

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