mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival in international airports
Natl Univ Ireland Galway, Discipline Gen Practice, 1 Distillery Rd, Galway, Ireland..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3003-4792
Emory Univ, Sch Med, Dept Emergency Med, Atlanta, GA 30303 USA..
Natl Univ Ireland, JE Cairnes Sch Business & Econ, Galway H91 WN80, Ireland..
Emory Univ, Sch Med, Dept Emergency Med, Atlanta, GA 30303 USA..
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 127, p. 58-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The highest achievable survival rate following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is unknown. Data from airports serving international destinations (international airports) provide the opportunity to evaluate the success of pre-hospital resuscitation in a relatively controlled but real-life environment. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest at international airports with resuscitation attempted between January 1st, 2013 and December 31st, 2015. Crude incidence, patient, event characteristics and survival to hospital discharge/survival to 30 days (survival) were calculated. Mixed effect logistic regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of survival. Variability in survival between airports/countries was quantified using the median odds ratio. Results: There were 800 cases identified, with an average of 40 per airport. Incidence was 0.024/100,000 passengers per year. Percentage survival for all patients was 32%, and 58% for patients with an initial shockable heart rhythm. In adjusted analyses, initial shockable heart rhythm was the strongest predictor of survival (odds ratio, 36.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 15.5-87.0). In the bystander-witnessed subgroup, delivery of a defibrillation shock by a bystander was a strong predictor of survival (odds ratio 4.8; 95% CI, 3.0-7.8). Grouping of cases was significant at country level and survival varied between countries. Conclusions: In international airports, 32% of patients survived an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, substantially more than in the general population. Our analysis suggested similarity between airports within countries, but differences between countries. Systematic data collection and reporting are essential to ensure international airports continually maximise activities to increase survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2018. Vol. 127, p. 58-62
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39822DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.03.024ISI: 000433579800021PubMedID: 29550496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-39822DiVA, id: diva2:1218533
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Strömsöe, Anneli

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mastersong, SiobhanFitzpatrick, DavidStrömsöe, Anneli
By organisation
Health and Welfare
In the same journal
Resuscitation
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 1 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf