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The increased trend of non-drinking in adolescence: The role of parental monitoring and attitudes toward offspring drinking
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.; Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3452-7260
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ New South Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;La Trobe Univ, Ctr Alcohol Policy Res, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Box 70412, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Box 70412, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
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2018 (English)In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 37, p. S34-S41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introductions and AimsThe proportion of adolescents who do not drink alcohol has increased during the last decade in many European countries, the USA and Australia. Few studies have addressed why this positive trend has occurred. The aim of the present study is to examine associations between parenting factors, peers' alcohol use and non-drinking among 15- to 16-year-old adolescents over time, from 2003 to 2015, and to evaluate potential gender differences. Design and MethodsData from the Swedish subsample of European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs were used. Data were available for 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015 in nation-based samples with responses from 11531 adolescents in total. ResultsThe proportion of non-drinkers increased from 23.2% in 2003 to 48.7% in 2015. For each year, indicators of especially restrictive attitudes toward offspring drinking were robustly associated with an increased probability of non-drinking. However, neither indicators of parental monitoring nor parental attitudes toward offspring drinking were associated with the increase in the proportion of non-drinkers that occurred from 2003 to 2015. Two indicators of parental monitoring were more strongly associated with non-drinking among girls than among boys, while paternal restrictive attitudes toward offspring drinking were more strongly associated with non-drinking among boys than girls. Discussion and ConclusionsParenting characteristics are important for adolescents who do not use alcohol, which has implications for prevention strategies. However, the increased trend of non-drinkers could not be attributed to parental factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2018. Vol. 37, p. S34-S41
Keywords [en]
adolescence, alcohol, non-drinkers, parenting
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Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39637DOI: 10.1111/dar.12682ISI: 000431986800005PubMedID: 29473244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-39637DiVA, id: diva2:1214634
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved

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