mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
TRIPS Agreement’s Impact on the Accessibility of Pharmaceuticals in the Developing Countries: Developed Game-Theoretic Model
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
2008 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Problem:

The problem under consideration is the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) agreement called Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and its impact on equal access to essential drugs in the least developed countries. Especially the countries of sub-Saharan Africa lack such access. Moreover, these countries are the ones where severe diseases like AIDS/HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are widely spread over the population. The authors focus also on patents and their obligatory length imposed through the articles of TRIPS agreement.

Purpose:

The purpose of the thesis is to describe and analyse the impact of global trade regulations (TRIPS in particular) on the accessibility of essential drugs in developing countries, and to come up with a possible solution as the way of coping with the problem is concerned. The investigation includes detailed description of solutions accomplished by Brazil and India, and their importance for the least developed countries, in terms of importing generic pharmaceuticals from these.

Method:

Qualitative method was used in order to obtain data from interviews with citizens of Botswana, Ghana, Ethiopia and South Africa for better understanding of the situation in these countries. Furthermore, the theories included in the theoretical background of this paper were gathered through deep research in the field of studies regarding Intellectual Property protection and World Trade Organization’s agreements and other legal acts.

Results:

The result of the analysis is a model developed from the Game-Theoretic Model, and called Developed Game-Theoretic Model. It is a tool which the least developed countries can use while negotiating prices of medicines with pharmaceutical companies, having the possibility of importing the pharmaceuticals from other countries manufacturing the patented product under compulsory licensing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling , 2008. , 71 p.
Keyword [en]
TRIPS, Game-Theoretic Model, patents, pharmaceuticals, developing countries
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-740DiVA: diva2:121371
Presentation
2008-06-02, R1-121, R, Mälardalens Högskola, Box 883, 721 23 Västerås, Sweden, Västerås, Sweden, 11:15
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2008-06-17 Created: 2008-06-17 Last updated: 2010-10-21

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1015 kB)1255 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1015 kBChecksum MD5
08931e5bcb2ed9a01ec1037ab6b46a7ac454e7bc06e1deacc342537fad49c7655c1bb391
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Sustainable Development of Society and TechnologySchool of Education, Culture and Communication
Business Administration

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1255 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 1115 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf