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Vårdande vid psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Närstående till patienter med psykisk ohälsa och patienter med psykisk ohälsa upplever att det är svårt att få god vård. Bristande kommunikation var en del som gjorde vårdandet sämre. Patienter upplever sig kränkta eller diskriminerade av vården. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med psykisk ohälsa. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie enligt Evans (2002), där 12 kvalitativa vårdvetenskapliga artiklar har analyserats med en beskrivande ansats. Resultat: Sjuksköterskor upplevde att kommunikation var viktigt inom vårdandet, även relationer var viktiga, både till patienter och till patienters närstående. Att upprätthålla en god relation och god kommunikation var delar sjuksköterskor upplevde som svåra, om det inte lyckades kunde sjuksköterskor uppleva att de misslyckats med vårdandet. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor upplevde att kommunikation och att skapa en relation är viktigt mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter för att vårdandet ska ge förutsättningar för en god vård. Lyckades in en relation skapas upplevde sjuksköterskor ofta att vårdandet misslyckades. Viktigt var även att närstående som ville vara delaktiga i vårdandet tilläts vara involverade för det kunde gynna vårdandet. Bemötandet sjuksköterskor ger kan således ses som en grundläggande del som behöver förbättras för att vårdandet ska upplevas bättre för alla involverade parter.

Abstract [en]

Background: Relatives to patients with mental illness and patients with mental illness experience that it’s hard to get proper healthcare. Lack of communication was a part of the issues that made the healthcare worse. Patients expressed being discriminated against by the healthcare. Aim: To explore nurse’s experiences of working with mental health patients. Method: Systematic literature review with a descriptive synthesis following Evans (2002), twelve qualitative research articles were analysed with an inductive approach. Result: Nurses experienced that communication was an important part of the care, relations were also an important part for the healthcare, both to patients and to relatives of the patient. If this didn’t occur nurses would experience that the healthcare had failed. Conclusion: Nurses experienced that communication and creating relationships between patients was monumental for the outcome to be good. Did this not succeed, nurses felt that they’d failed. It was also important that relatives of the patient could get involved in the healthcare, since it could benefit the recovery of the patient. How nurses treated both patients and relatives were then a good start in getting improvements for how the treatment could be improved for everyone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Communication, Literature review, Mental illness, Registered nurse, Relation
Keywords [sv]
Kommunikation, Litteraturstudie, Psykisk ohälsa, Relation, Sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39534OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-39534DiVA, id: diva2:1213397
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved

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