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Modifying Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces
Mälardalen University, Department of Biology and Chemical Engineering.
2007 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of the project was to modify polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces in order to minimize adsorption of proteins. PDMS is used in micro-fluidic devices that control the delivery of samples to a sensor chip in Biacore instrumentation. These instruments are used to characterize interactions between biomolecules with a detection principle based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR). To minimize adsorption of proteins poly-ethylene-oxide (PEO) based surfactants, were added to the buffer. The added PEO surfactants were P20, Pluronic F-127 and Brij 35. Interaction of these surfactants with the sensor chip in Biacore instruments was also examined. Creating a more hydrophilic surface layer on PDMS by oxidation was also examined.

When surfactants were continuously added to protein samples, as in dynamically coating of PDMS surfaces, Brij 35 resulted in the strongest reduction in protein adsorption. Brij 35 was also the surfactant that was easiest to remove from both PDMS and the sensor surfaces. Pluronic bound strongest to surfaces, and is most suitable when only adding surfactant to the buffer in a pre-coating step. All surfactants did reduce protein adsorption considerably (99% or more) and addition is necessary when working with protein solutions and hydrophobic surfaces as PDMS. Another alternative is oxidation of PDMS surface, which is an easy procedure that decreased the protein adsorption to about 10% compared to adsorption to untreated surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för biologi och kemiteknik , 2007. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Surfactant, PDMS, protein, adsorption
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-491OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-491DiVA, id: diva2:121034
Presentation
2007-12-14, C103, Väpnaren, Drottninggatan 16, Eskilstuna, 12:00
Uppsok
teknik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2007-12-27 Created: 2007-12-27

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf