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The actual status of the development of a Danish/Swedish system concept for a solar combisystem
Dalarna University, Sweden.
Dalarna University, Sweden.
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
2005 (English)In: Journal of Applied ResearchArticle in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

At the beginning of 2003 the four year long research project REBUS on education, research, development and demonstration of competitive solar combisystems was launched. Research groups in Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Latvia are working together with partners from industry on innovative solutions for solar heating in the Nordic countries. Existing system concepts have been analyzed and based on the results new system designs have been developed. The proposed solutions have to fulfill country specific technical, sociological and cost requirements. Due to the similar demands on the systems in Denmark and Sweden it has been decided to develop a common system concept for both countries, which increases the market potential for the manufacturer. The focus of the development is on systems for the large number of rather well insulated existing single family houses. In close collaboration with the industrial partners a system concept has been developed that is characterized by its high compactness and flexibility. It allows the use of different types of boilers, heating distribution systems and a variable store and collector size. Two prototypes have been built, one for the Danish market with a gas boiler, and one for the Swedish market with a pellet boiler as auxiliary heater. After intensive testing and eventual further improvements at least two systems will be installed and monitored in demonstration houses. The systems have been modeled in TRNSYS and the simulation results will be used to further improve the system and evaluate the system performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005.
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4042ISBN: 9955- 9778-1-7 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-4042DiVA: diva2:120580
Conference
NorthSun 2005 Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania, May 25-27
Available from: 2006-11-27 Created: 2006-11-27 Last updated: 2015-07-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Combined solar and pellet heating systems: Study of energy use and CO-emissions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Combined solar and pellet heating systems: Study of energy use and CO-emissions
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

In this study 4 solar and pellet heating systems have been studied with the help of annual dynamic simulations. Two of the systems comprised a pellet stove and two systems were solar combisystems; one with a store integrated pellet burner, the other with a separate pellet boiler.

The aim was to evaluate their thermal performance and their CO-emissions. The systems have been modelled based on lab measurements of the single system components. The used models allow a detailed study of the dynamic behaviour of the systems.

The stove systems have the least primary energy consumption provided the auxiliary electricity is taken into account with a conversion factor of 100%. If the auxiliary electricity is taken into account with a conversion of 40% and/or the systems are placed in the heated area the combisystems need less or a similar amount of primary energy.

Modulating combustion power reduces the number of starts and stops and for most pellet units this reduces the total CO emissions. The obtained annual CO emissions are higher than the values obtained from the standard test methods. It was shown that the average emissions under realistic annual conditions were greater than the limit values of two Eco-labels.

The system performance can be significantly improved by a proper control of the pellet heater and by sizing the pellet heater according to the size of the peak space heating demand.

Based on these findings from the simulations two prototypes of a combined solar and pellet heating system has been designed, built and tested; one for the lab and one that has been installed in a demonstration house. The system is very compact and is suitable for detached houses with no heating room or little space for a heating room.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för Samhällsteknik, 2006. 95 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 36
Keyword
Solar heating, pellet heating
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Energi- och miljöteknik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-167 (URN)91-85485-30-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-12-19, Gamma, Västerås, 09:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-11-27 Created: 2006-11-27

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