mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Investigations into Information Semantics and Ethics of Computing
Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9881-400X
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The recent development of the research field of Computing and Philosophy has triggered investigations into the theoretical foundations of computing and information.

This thesis consists of two parts which are the result of studies in two areas of Philosophy of Computing (PC) and Philosophy of Information (PI) regarding the production of meaning (semantics) and the value system with applications (ethics).

The first part develops a unified dual-aspect theory of information and computation, in which information is characterized as structure, and computation is the information dynamics. This enables naturalization of epistemology, based on interactive information representation and communication. In the study of systems modeling, meaning, truth and agency are discussed within the framework of the PI/PC unification.

The second part of the thesis addresses the necessity of ethical judgment in rational agency illustrated by the problem of information privacy and surveillance in the networked society. The value grounds and socio-technological solutions for securing trustworthiness of computing are analyzed. Privacy issues clearly show the need for computing professionals to contribute to understanding of the technological mechanisms of Information and Communication Technology.

The main original contribution of this thesis is the unified dual-aspect theory of computation/information. Semantics of information is seen as a part of the data-information-knowledge structuring, in which complex structures are self-organized by the computational processing of information. Within the unified model, complexity is a result of computational processes on informational structures. The thesis argues for the necessity of computing beyond the Turing-Church limit, motivated by natural computation, and wider by pancomputationalism and paninformationalism, seen as two complementary views of the same physical reality. Moreover, it follows that pancomputationalism does not depend on the assumption that the physical world on some basic level is digital. Contrary to many believes it is entirely compatible with dual (analogue/digital) quantum-mechanical computing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola , 2006. , 227 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 33
Keyword [en]
Computing and Philosophy, Philosophy of Computing, Philosophy of Information
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-153ISBN: 91-85485-23-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-153DiVA: diva2:120541
Public defence
2006-09-29, Beta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-13 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance
2003 (English)In: Minds and Machines, ISSN 0924-6495, E-ISSN 1572-8641, Vol. 13, no 4, 521-536 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computing is changing the traditional field of Philosophy of Science in a very profound way. First as a methodological tool, computing makes possible ``experimental Philosophy'' which is able to provide practical tests for different philosophical ideas. At the same time the ideal object of investigation of the Philosophy of Science is changing. For a long period of time the ideal science was Physics (e.g., Popper, Carnap, Kuhn, and Chalmers). Now the focus is shifting to the field of Computing/Informatics. There are many good reasons for this paradigm shift, one of those being a long standing need of a new meeting between the sciences and humanities, for which the new discipline of Computing/Informatics gives innumerable possibilities. Contrary to Physics, Computing/Informatics is very much human-centered. It brings a potential for a new Renaissance, where Science and Humanities, Arts and Engineering can reach a new synthesis, so very much needed in our intellectually split culture. This paper investigates contemporary trends and the relation between the Philosophy of Science and the Philosophy of Computing and Information, which is equivalent to the present relation between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Physics.

National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4011 (URN)10.1023/A:1026248701090 (DOI)000186131600004 ()2-s2.0-0242720635 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2006-08-28 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
2. Semantics of Information and Interactive Computation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semantics of Information and Interactive Computation
2006 (English)In: Minds and Machines: Special Issue on the Philosophy of Computer ScienceArticle in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4012 (URN)
Available from: 2006-08-28 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
3. System Modeling and Information Semantics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>System Modeling and Information Semantics
2006 (English)In: Promote IT 2005: Proceedings of the fifth Conference for the Promotion of Research in IT at New Universities and University Colleges in Sweden, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4013 (URN)91-44-03875-5 (ISBN)
Note

Fifth Conference for the Promotion of Research in IT at New Universities and University Colleges in Sweden : Borlänge, Sweden 11-13 May, 2005 

Available from: 2006-08-28 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
4. Ethics and Privacy of Communications in the E-Polis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethics and Privacy of Communications in the E-Polis
2007 (English)In: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF DIGITAL GOVERNMENT / [ed] Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko (University of Tampere, Finland) and Matti Malkia (The Police College of Finland, Finland), Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2007, 740-744 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The electronic networking of physical space promises wide-ranging advances in science, medicine, delivery of services, environmental monitoring and remediation, industrial production and the monitoring of persons and machines. It can also lead to new forms of social interaction. However, without appropriate architecture and regulatory controls, it can also subvert democratic values. Information technology is not, in fact, neutral in its values; we must be intentional about design for democracy (Pottie, 2004). Information and communication technology (ICT) has led to the emergence of global Web societies. The subject of this article is privacy and its protection in the process of urbanization and socialization of the global digital Web society referred to as the e-polis. Privacy is a fundamental human right recognized in all major international agreements regarding human rights, such as Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948), and it is discussed in the article “Different Views of Privacy”. Today’s computer network technologies are sociologically founded on hunter-gatherer principles. As a result, common users may be possible subjects of surveillance and sophisticated Internet-based attacks. A user may be completely unaware of such privacy breaches taking place. At the same time, ICT offers the technical possibilities of embedded privacy protection obtained by making technology trustworthy and legitimate by design. This means incorporating options for socially acceptable behavior in technical systems, and making privacy protection rights and responsibilities transparent to the user. The ideals of democratic government must be respected and even further developed in the future e-government. Ethical questions and privacy of communications require careful analysis, as they have far-reaching consequences affecting the basic principles of e-democracy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2007
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4014 (URN)10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch112 (DOI)9781591407898 (ISBN)
Available from: 2006-08-28 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
5.
The record could not be found. The reason may be that the record is no longer available or you may have typed in a wrong id in the address field.

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1035 kB)4629 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1035 kBChecksum SHA-1
726573580dee4a20e575396fcfa9bf60e98d77ab96e1ea08fff7a22ac8bdd6249a69232d
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Dodig-Crnkovic, Gordana
By organisation
Department of Computer Science and Electronics
Computer Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4629 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 4075 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf