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Ethics and Privacy of Communications in the E-Polis
Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9881-400X
2007 (English)In: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF DIGITAL GOVERNMENT / [ed] Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko (University of Tampere, Finland) and Matti Malkia (The Police College of Finland, Finland), Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2007, 740-744 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The electronic networking of physical space promises wide-ranging advances in science, medicine, delivery of services, environmental monitoring and remediation, industrial production and the monitoring of persons and machines. It can also lead to new forms of social interaction. However, without appropriate architecture and regulatory controls, it can also subvert democratic values. Information technology is not, in fact, neutral in its values; we must be intentional about design for democracy (Pottie, 2004). Information and communication technology (ICT) has led to the emergence of global Web societies. The subject of this article is privacy and its protection in the process of urbanization and socialization of the global digital Web society referred to as the e-polis. Privacy is a fundamental human right recognized in all major international agreements regarding human rights, such as Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948), and it is discussed in the article “Different Views of Privacy”. Today’s computer network technologies are sociologically founded on hunter-gatherer principles. As a result, common users may be possible subjects of surveillance and sophisticated Internet-based attacks. A user may be completely unaware of such privacy breaches taking place. At the same time, ICT offers the technical possibilities of embedded privacy protection obtained by making technology trustworthy and legitimate by design. This means incorporating options for socially acceptable behavior in technical systems, and making privacy protection rights and responsibilities transparent to the user. The ideals of democratic government must be respected and even further developed in the future e-government. Ethical questions and privacy of communications require careful analysis, as they have far-reaching consequences affecting the basic principles of e-democracy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2007. 740-744 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4014DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch112ISBN: 9781591407898 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-4014DiVA: diva2:120539
Available from: 2006-08-28 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Investigations into Information Semantics and Ethics of Computing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigations into Information Semantics and Ethics of Computing
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The recent development of the research field of Computing and Philosophy has triggered investigations into the theoretical foundations of computing and information.

This thesis consists of two parts which are the result of studies in two areas of Philosophy of Computing (PC) and Philosophy of Information (PI) regarding the production of meaning (semantics) and the value system with applications (ethics).

The first part develops a unified dual-aspect theory of information and computation, in which information is characterized as structure, and computation is the information dynamics. This enables naturalization of epistemology, based on interactive information representation and communication. In the study of systems modeling, meaning, truth and agency are discussed within the framework of the PI/PC unification.

The second part of the thesis addresses the necessity of ethical judgment in rational agency illustrated by the problem of information privacy and surveillance in the networked society. The value grounds and socio-technological solutions for securing trustworthiness of computing are analyzed. Privacy issues clearly show the need for computing professionals to contribute to understanding of the technological mechanisms of Information and Communication Technology.

The main original contribution of this thesis is the unified dual-aspect theory of computation/information. Semantics of information is seen as a part of the data-information-knowledge structuring, in which complex structures are self-organized by the computational processing of information. Within the unified model, complexity is a result of computational processes on informational structures. The thesis argues for the necessity of computing beyond the Turing-Church limit, motivated by natural computation, and wider by pancomputationalism and paninformationalism, seen as two complementary views of the same physical reality. Moreover, it follows that pancomputationalism does not depend on the assumption that the physical world on some basic level is digital. Contrary to many believes it is entirely compatible with dual (analogue/digital) quantum-mechanical computing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, 2006. 227 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 33
Keyword
Computing and Philosophy, Philosophy of Computing, Philosophy of Information
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-153 (URN)91-85485-23-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-09-29, Beta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-13 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved

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