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Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance
Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9881-400X
2003 (English)In: Minds and Machines, ISSN 0924-6495, E-ISSN 1572-8641, Vol. 13, no 4, 521-536 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computing is changing the traditional field of Philosophy of Science in a very profound way. First as a methodological tool, computing makes possible ``experimental Philosophy'' which is able to provide practical tests for different philosophical ideas. At the same time the ideal object of investigation of the Philosophy of Science is changing. For a long period of time the ideal science was Physics (e.g., Popper, Carnap, Kuhn, and Chalmers). Now the focus is shifting to the field of Computing/Informatics. There are many good reasons for this paradigm shift, one of those being a long standing need of a new meeting between the sciences and humanities, for which the new discipline of Computing/Informatics gives innumerable possibilities. Contrary to Physics, Computing/Informatics is very much human-centered. It brings a potential for a new Renaissance, where Science and Humanities, Arts and Engineering can reach a new synthesis, so very much needed in our intellectually split culture. This paper investigates contemporary trends and the relation between the Philosophy of Science and the Philosophy of Computing and Information, which is equivalent to the present relation between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Physics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 13, no 4, 521-536 p.
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-4011DOI: 10.1023/A:1026248701090ISI: 000186131600004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0242720635OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-4011DiVA: diva2:120536
Available from: 2006-08-28 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Investigations into Information Semantics and Ethics of Computing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigations into Information Semantics and Ethics of Computing
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The recent development of the research field of Computing and Philosophy has triggered investigations into the theoretical foundations of computing and information.

This thesis consists of two parts which are the result of studies in two areas of Philosophy of Computing (PC) and Philosophy of Information (PI) regarding the production of meaning (semantics) and the value system with applications (ethics).

The first part develops a unified dual-aspect theory of information and computation, in which information is characterized as structure, and computation is the information dynamics. This enables naturalization of epistemology, based on interactive information representation and communication. In the study of systems modeling, meaning, truth and agency are discussed within the framework of the PI/PC unification.

The second part of the thesis addresses the necessity of ethical judgment in rational agency illustrated by the problem of information privacy and surveillance in the networked society. The value grounds and socio-technological solutions for securing trustworthiness of computing are analyzed. Privacy issues clearly show the need for computing professionals to contribute to understanding of the technological mechanisms of Information and Communication Technology.

The main original contribution of this thesis is the unified dual-aspect theory of computation/information. Semantics of information is seen as a part of the data-information-knowledge structuring, in which complex structures are self-organized by the computational processing of information. Within the unified model, complexity is a result of computational processes on informational structures. The thesis argues for the necessity of computing beyond the Turing-Church limit, motivated by natural computation, and wider by pancomputationalism and paninformationalism, seen as two complementary views of the same physical reality. Moreover, it follows that pancomputationalism does not depend on the assumption that the physical world on some basic level is digital. Contrary to many believes it is entirely compatible with dual (analogue/digital) quantum-mechanical computing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, 2006. 227 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 33
Keyword
Computing and Philosophy, Philosophy of Computing, Philosophy of Information
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-153 (URN)91-85485-23-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-09-29, Beta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-03-13 Created: 2006-08-28 Last updated: 2013-11-02Bibliographically approved

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