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Practical 3-D beam pattern based channel modeling for multi-polarized massive MIMO systems
Department of Electronics Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
Department of Electronics Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. RISE SICS Västerås, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 18, no 4, article id 1186Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, a practical non-stationary three-dimensional (3-D) channel models for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, considering beam patterns for different antenna elements, is proposed. The beam patterns using dipole antenna elements with different phase excitation toward the different direction of travels (DoTs) contributes various correlation weights for rays related towards/from the cluster, thus providing different elevation angle of arrivals (EAoAs) and elevation angle of departures (EAoDs) for each antenna element. These include the movements of the user that makes our channel to be a non-stationary model of clusters at the receiver (RX) on both the time and array axes. In addition, their impacts on 3-D massive MIMO channels are investigated via statistical properties including received spatial correlation. Additionally, the impact of elevation/azimuth angles of arrival on received spatial correlation is discussed. Furthermore, experimental validation of the proposed 3-D channel models on azimuth and elevation angles of the polarized antenna are specifically evaluated and compared through simulations. The proposed 3-D generic models are verified using relevant measurement data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2018. Vol. 18, no 4, article id 1186
Keywords [en]
3-D massive MIMO channel modeling, Antenna elements space, Azimuth angle of arrival, Azimuth angle of departure, Elevation angle of arrival, Elevation angle of departure, Communication channels (information theory), Dipole antennas, Direction of arrival, MIMO systems, Radar systems, Radio communication, Antenna element, Azimuth and elevation angles, Azimuth angles, Elevation angle, Experimental validations, Massive MIMO, Massive multiple-input- multiple-output system (MIMO), Threedimensional (3-d), Directional patterns (antenna)
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-39078DOI: 10.3390/s18041186ISI: 000435574800258Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045381588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-39078DiVA, id: diva2:1201563
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-26 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/18/4/1186/htm

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Balador, Ali

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