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Kinetic studies on organic degradation and its impacts on improving methane production during anaerobic digestion of food waste
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6279-4446
University College London, London, United Kingdom.
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2018 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 213, p. 136-147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Organics degradation is vital for food waste anaerobic digestion performance, however, the influence of organics degradation on biomethane production process has not been fully understood. This study aims to thoroughly investigate the organics degradation performance and identify the interaction between the reduction of organic components and methane yield based on the evaluation on 12 types of food waste. Five models (i.e. exponential, Fitzhugh, transference function, Cone and modified Gompertz models) were compared regarding the prediction of organic degradation and the results showed that the exponential model fit the experiments best, whereas kinetic parameters could not be commonly used for all situations. The exponential model was then used to study the impacts of organics reduction on the methane production and results revealed that the cumulative methane production (385–627 mL/g volatile solid) increased exponentially with the removal efficiency of volatile solids, lipids, and proteins for all feedstocks, whereas volatile solid reduction increased exponentially and linearly, respectively, with the removal efficiency of lipids and proteins. Additionally, protein degradation increased exponentially with the reduction efficiency of lipids. The experimental data and model simulation results suggested that higher methane production (530–548 mL/g volatile solid) and removal efficiency of volatile solids (65.0–67.8%), lipids (77.8–78.2%), and proteins (54.7–58.2%) could be achieved in a shorter digestion retention when carbohydrate content was higher than 47.6%, protein content lower than 24.1%, and lipid content lower than 28.3%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2018. Vol. 213, p. 136-147
Keywords [en]
Anaerobic digestion, Food waste, Kinetics, Methane, Organic composition
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38678DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.01.033ISI: 000425576900012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85041422580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-38678DiVA, id: diva2:1182923
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved

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Li, Hailong

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