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Hermeneutics and narration: a way to deal with qualitative data
Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9714-577X
University of Åbo Akademi, Finland.
2002 (English)In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 114-125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses a hermeneutic approach to the interpretation of narratives. It is based on the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur’s theory of interpretation but modified and used within a caring science paradigm. The article begins with a presentation of the theoretical underpinnings of hermeneutic philosophy and narration, as well as Ricoeur’s theory of interpretation, before going on to describe the interpretationprocess as modified by the authors. The interpretationprocess which consists of several stages is exemplified and discussed using a single case from a larger study on suffering. The results of that study indicate that the struggle of suffering is perceived as a struggle formed between shame and dignity, and that nurses must engage in the process of preserving and restoring the dignity of their suffering patients. The authors suggest that Ricoeur’s theory of interpretation is useful when trying to understand narrative data if the researcher realises that the process of distanciation, although central in Ricoeur’s thinking, is not the goal of the process but rather it is a means to deal with the researcher’s pre-understandings. According to Ricoeur, distanciation is accomplished by putting the context aside and dealing with the text “as text” and thereby explaining its meaning. Explanation thus becomes the dialectic counterpart to understanding in the interpretationprocess. The researchers further argue that distanciation must be followed by reflection where the interpretations are linked back to the empirical context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 9, no 2, p. 114-125
Keyword [en]
hermeneutik, narrativ, lidande, vård
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3762DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1800.2002.00132.xPubMedID: 12071912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-3762DiVA, id: diva2:116426
Available from: 2007-10-04 Created: 2007-10-04 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Wiklund, Lena

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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More languages
Output format
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