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Depressive symptoms in early pregnancy two months and one year postpartum-prevalence and risk factors in a national Swedish sample
Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
University of Göteborg, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
2005 (English)In: Archives of Women’s Mental Health, ISSN 1434-1816, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 97-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Depression and other psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and postpartum is an important health problem, especially if the symptoms are recurrent or sustained. METHODS: All Swedish speaking women attending their first antenatal care visit during three predestined weeks were invited to participate. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in early pregnancy, two months and one year postpartum. RESULTS: In all, 2430 women completed three questionnaires. A dose-effect relation was found between the numbers of stressful life events experienced in the year prior to pregnancy and mean EPDS score in pregnancy. The prevalence of recurrent or sustained depressive symptoms (EPDS> or =12 on all three evaluations) was 3% (79/2430). Three factors were associated with depressive symptoms, two or more stressful life events in the year prior to pregnancy, native language other than Swedish and unemployment. CONCLUSIONS: Apart from questions about psychiatric history, a psychosocial history in early pregnancy including stressful life events, native language and employment status could help the health professionals to identify women at risk for recurrent or sustained depression during pregnancy and the year after giving birth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 8, no 2, p. 97-104
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3631DOI: 10.1007/s00737-005-0078-8ISI: 000235650500004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-21144440462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-3631DiVA, id: diva2:116295
Available from: 2007-07-26 Created: 2007-07-26 Last updated: 2015-07-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf