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Making gender matter: The role of gender-based expectancies and gender identification on women’s and men’s math performance in Sweden
Mälardalen University, Department of Mathematics and Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7164-0924
Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
2007 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 329-338Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well established that an emphasis on gender differences may have negative effect on women's math performance in USA, Germany and the Netherlands. It has further been found that an individual’s identification with the stereotyped group may moderate effects of negative stereotypes. The present study investigated how gender-based expectancies affected the math performance of women and men in Sweden, a nation with a smaller gender gap than in other countries, and a strong cultural emphasis on gender equality. Participants, 112 female and 74 male undergraduate math students from Swedish universities, completed a difficult math test in which their gender was either linked to their test performance or not. Men performed better than women when gender was made relevant among participants who did not see their gender as an important aspect of their identity, while participants high in gender identification were unaffected by gender identity relevance. Moreover, the gender relevance manipulation affected men's performance more than women's. The results deviate from findings on US samples, indicating that the role of group identification as a moderator of stereotype-based exepctancy effects is complex, and that factors in the cultural context may interact with individual differences in identification to determine the impact of negative stereotypes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 48, no 4, p. 329-338
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3420DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00588.xISI: 000248690000006PubMedID: 17669223Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34547224607OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-3420DiVA, id: diva2:116084
Available from: 2007-04-20 Created: 2007-04-20 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Kimmo, Eriksson

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf