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Characterisation of a liquid-xenon jet laser-plasma extreme-ultraviolet source
Roy. Inst. of Technology/Albanova, Sweden.
Roy. Inst. of Technology/Albanova, Sweden.
Roy. Inst. of Technology/Albanova, Sweden.
Roy. Inst. of Technology/Albanova, Sweden.
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2004 (English)In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, Vol. 75, no 6, p. 2122-2129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A liquid-xenon-jet laser-plasma source for extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) and soft-x-ray generation has been characterized. Being a source candidate for EUV lithography (EUVL), we especially focus on parameters important for the integration of the source in EUVL systems. The deep-ultraviolet (DUV) out-of-band radiation (=120–400 nm) was quantified, to within a factor of two, using a flying-circus tool together with a transmission-grating spectrograph resulting in a total DUV conversion efficiency (CE) of ~0.33%/2sr. The size and the shape of the xenon plasma was investigated using an in-band-only EUV microscope, based on a spherical Mo/Si multilayer mirror and a charge-coupled device detector. Scalability of the source size from 20–270 µm full width at half maximum was shown. The maximum repetition-rate sustainable by the liquid-xenon-jet target was simulated by a double-pulse experiment indicating feasibility of >17 kHz operation. The xenon-ion energy distribution from the plasma was determined in a time-of-flight experiment with a Faraday-cup detector showing the presence of multi-kilo-electron-volt ions. Sputtering of silicon witness plates exposed to the plasma was observed, while a xenon background of >1 mbar was shown to eliminate the sputtering. It is concluded that the source has potential to meet the requirements of future EUVL systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 75, no 6, p. 2122-2129
Keywords [en]
molybdenum, silicon, multilayers, plasma jets, ultraviolet lithography, ultraviolet radiation effects, time of flight spectra, plasma production by laser, ultraviolet sources
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3118DOI: 10.1063/1.1755441ISI: 000221793800031Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-3042857438OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-3118DiVA, id: diva2:115782
Note

Emmanuelle Janin is the birthname of Emmanuelle Göthelid.

Available from: 2008-03-31 Created: 2008-03-31 Last updated: 2015-07-06Bibliographically approved

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