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The concepts of participation, engagement and flow: A matter of creating optimal play experiences
Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5904-1390
University of Pretoria, South Africa.
Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9475-2497
2007 (English)In: South African Journal of Occuptional Therapy, ISSN 0038-2337, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 8-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Positive  functioning  relates  to  the  ability  to  live  a  good  and  healthy  life,  but  for  children  with  special  needs,  this  might  be  compromised  and therefore factors related to positive functioning should be explored. As their restrictions concern a variety of general life situations including issues such as peer group interaction, participation, autonomy and self-determination, the focus should be on the children’s capabilities when they act in their natural environments. Functional abilities and the creation of opportunities in a challenging environment are optimal for new learning to take place, leading the child towards a positive end point. This article analyses constructs of engagement, participation and flow, indicating their interrelatedness and association to positive functioning. Outcomes change and unfold over time, indicating that functioning should be considered dynamic, context-dependent, culturally and historically conditioned. The article concludes with a suggested model for intervention to enhance positive functioning of children with special needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
South African Association of Occupational Therapists , 2007. Vol. 37, no 7, p. 8-13
Keywords [en]
children with special needs, engagement, flow, participation, positive functioning
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-3068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-3068DiVA, id: diva2:115732
Available from: 2008-03-24 Created: 2008-03-24 Last updated: 2018-01-04

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http://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/6233/Almqvist_Concepts%282007%29.pdf?sequence=1

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Almqvist, LenaSandberg, Anette

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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