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Promoting Eco-Industrial Parks in China: Policy suggestions for voluntary agreements
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3831-0886
2007 (English)In: 3rd International Green Energy Conference: Proceedings of IGEC-III, 2007, 2007, p. 1273-1283Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

China has in later years experienced a rapid economic development, which has occurred at the expense of the

environment. This strongly applies to the manufacturing industry as a central element in the developing economy.

The Chinese government is however now pursuing a development path associated with improved environmental

characteristics with a focus on Resource and Energy Efficiency (R&EE). Within this development Eco-Industrial

Parks (EIPs) can make an important contribution for improved R&EE in the manufacturing industry. EIPs facilitate

low energy and environmental impact production and the concept consequently comply both with economic and

ecologic development goals, while also having social benefits. While EIPs are promoted in the Chinese general

policy framework, such as the Circular Economy (CE), they are not targeted by any specific policy instruments.

Based on a review of international and Chinese policy recommendations and experiences on R&EE policy, the

paper identify that this can be effectively accomplished by Voluntary Agreements (VAs). A positive aspect of VAs is

the design flexibility that allows the instrument to be adapted to the varying conditions under which Industrial Parks

(IPs) operate in China. VAs are also identified to encompass a number of positive features in the China EIP case

as regards to increasing policy compliance, accomplishing short-term results, avoiding inefficient technological

lock-in as part of the rapid development, contributing to capacity building, and dealing with EIP management

barriers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. p. 1273-1283
Keywords [en]
China, Eco-Industrial Park, energy efficiency, resource efficiency, energy policy, voluntary agreements
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-2930ISBN: 978-91-85485-53-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-2930DiVA, id: diva2:115593
Conference
3rd INTERNATIONAL GREEN ENERGY CONFERENCE 17-21 june 2OO7, VÄSTERÅS, SWEDEN
Available from: 2008-02-25 Created: 2008-02-25 Last updated: 2016-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The industry role in policymaking: Policy learning in climate politics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The industry role in policymaking: Policy learning in climate politics
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Climatic change has sparked a broad range of responses on all societal levels. New initiatives and negotiations, scientific findings, and technological developments, have established a novel framework for policymaking and industrial abatement investments. Lessons on the evolving framework should be analysed and utilised to handle the dynamic reality of climate policymaking processes.

Governments in the majority of economies only have an indirect and long-term influence on reducing industrial emissions, as they do not own the emitting operations. As representing one-third of the global carbon dioxide emissions, industry is therefore a key stakeholder group in whether or not the political agenda will be fulfilled. How industry perceives that obstacles and opportunities affect investment calculi are thus important. Hence, policymakers should facilitate policy learning (PL) to aid the creation of effective and efficient political agendas. This is important to acknowledge the policy and investment experiences of industrial actors and to deal with a number of plausible investment obstacles identified under the novel framework.

Taking stock of PL and other policy theories, this thesis is aimed to develop recommendations for facilitating PL and thus contributing to more effective and efficient climate policy frameworks. The results highlight the role of industry in abatement and political strategies where policymakers need to gain knowledge on how industries perceive abatement investment obstacles and how these may be bridged. The intrinsic learning values of government-industry negotiated agreements (NAs) are emphasised and a framework for operationalising PL through NA designs is developed. PL is furthermore identified as important, and NAs are recommended as a policy instrument, to fill knowledge gaps identified in two case-studies of promoting complex and novel industrial operations. This thesis also recommends a participatory policy evaluation tool that is sensitive to industrial competitiveness and establishes a forum for discussions on perceived investment obstacles and opportunities under different conditions. The results are not aimed to provide a blueprint for a comprehensive climate policy framework but as a contribution to literature and the incremental learning that this thesis strongly promotes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2009
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 78
Keywords
Climate policy; Policy learning; Participatory policymaking; Policy evaluation; Voluntary agreements; Negotiated agreements; Industry
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-7324 (URN)978-91-86135-40-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-11-02, Zeta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-06 Created: 2009-10-05 Last updated: 2013-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Stigson, Peter

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