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Women’s career patterns in Sweden: A life event approach
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5928-7988
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden .
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
2006 (English)In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, Vol. 9, no 4, 479-500 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although research on and models of career patterns are often implicitly assumed to be of general validity, they are usually coloured by their cultural, ethnic and historical background and by a lack of gender perspective. One of the most critical research gaps concerns changes and transitions in women's careers. The general aim of this paper is to describe career patterns over the life course of women born in the 1950s in Sweden - in terms of shape, level and stability. Data were collected from work histories in the interviews of a sample of Swedish women aged 43 (n = 109) as part of a longitudinal study. Career patterns were plotted based on life events related to education, family and work. Results revealed relative stability of labour force participation, but not of work hours over the life course. Most of the women worked part time taking care of children for a varying number of years. Continuous full-time work (from 16 to 43) was highly unusual and almost entirely limited to women without children. Nevertheless, career progress in terms of moving to higher career levels was a common feature of the cohort albeit largely restricted to female-dominated occupations. The significance of a generous welfare state supportive for women's career opportunities as well as a highly gender-segregated labour market are discussed. A tentative new model of career patterns, taking account of women's experiences and sensitive to welfare state context, is proposed, as a basis for future research with larger and more diverse samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 9, no 4, 479-500 p.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-2077DOI: 10.1080/13668800600925118Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33750624329OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-2077DiVA: diva2:114740
Available from: 2007-03-13 Created: 2007-03-13 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf