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Work motivation among the unemployed: Changes over time and gender differences
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden. .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5928-7988
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden. .
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden. .
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden. .
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 45, no 3, 207-214 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Work involvement (psychological identification with work in general) has generally been considered as a stable, dispositional characteristic, although some studies of unemployment have contradicted this view. Using longitudinal data from a Swedish representative sample (n= 888), this study examines employment status change (e.g. from work to unemployment) and work values development in a 15-month time period. Furthermore, the relationship between employment status change and well-being is explored, with a special focus on the roles played by work values and gender differences. Results indicated that work values are fairly stable over 15 months. As expected, the long-term unemployed (mostly active job seekers) had higher measures of work involvement after 15 months. Further, no gender difference was found with regard to work involvement but females were more likely to agree that there is an entitlement to work. Becoming unemployed was associated with negative health effects, but only among unemployed men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 45, no 3, 207-214 p.
National Category
Applied Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-2066DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2004.00396.xISI: 000221865600002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-3442875878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-2066DiVA: diva2:114729
Available from: 2007-03-13 Created: 2007-03-13 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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