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Physical mobility, physical activity, and obesity among elderly: findings from a large population-based Swedish survey
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3307-6779
Competence Ctr Hlth Reg Västmanland, Västerås, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3452-7260
Karlstad Univ, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 147, 84-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine how physical activity and physical mobility are related to obesity in the elderly. Study design: A cross-sectional study of 2558 men and women aged 65 years and older who participated in a population survey in 2012 was conducted in mid-Sweden with an overall response rate of 67%. Methods: Obesity (body mass index >= 30 kg/m(2)) was based on self-reported weight and height, and physical activity and physical mobility on questionnaire data. Chi-squared test and multiple logistic regressions were used as statistical analyses. Results: The overall prevalence of obesity was 19% in women and 15% in men and decreased after the age of 75 years. A strong association between both physical activity and obesity, and physical mobility and obesity was found. The odds for obesity were higher for impaired physical mobility (odds ratio [OR] 2.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.14-3.75) than for physical inactivity (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.28-2.08) when adjusted for gender, age, socio-economic status and fruit and vegetable intake. However, physical activity was associated with obesity only among elderly with physical mobility but not among those with impaired physical mobility. Conclusion: It is important to focus on making it easier for elderly with physical mobility to become or stay physically active, whereas elderly with impaired physical mobility have a higher prevalence of obesity irrespective of physical activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 147, 84-91 p.
National Category
Geriatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36248DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.01.032ISI: 000405833500015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-36248DiVA: diva2:1133989
Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2017-08-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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