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Waste biorefineries: Enabling circular economies in developing countries
King Abdulaziz Univ, CEES, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
King Abdulaziz Univ, CEES, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
King Abdulaziz Univ, CEES, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4359-2232
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2017 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 241, 1101-1117 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to examine the potential of waste biorefineries in developing countries as a solution to current waste disposal problems and as facilities to produce fuels, power, heat, and value-added products. The waste in developing countries represents a significant source of biomass, recycled materials, chemicals, energy, and revenue if wisely managed and used as a potential feedstock in various biorefinery technologies such as fermentation, anaerobic digestion (AD), pyrolysis, incineration, and gasification. However, the selection or integration of biorefinery technologies in any developing country should be based on its waste characterization. Waste biorefineries if developed in developing countries could provide energy generation, land savings, new businesses and consequent job creation, savings of landfills costs, GHG emissions reduction, and savings of natural resources of land, soil, and groundwater. The challenges in route to successful implementation of biorefinery concept in the developing countries are also presented using life cycle assessment (LCA) studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 241, 1101-1117 p.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36154DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.05.097ISI: 000405502400131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-36154DiVA: diva2:1128732
Available from: 2017-07-27 Created: 2017-07-27 Last updated: 2017-07-27Bibliographically approved

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