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Foods contributing to vitamin B-6, folate, and vitamin B-12 intakes and biomarkers status in European adolescents: The HELENA study
Univ Zaragoza, GENUD Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev Res Grp, IA2, IIS Aragon, C Pedro Cerbuna 12,SAI Bldg Serv Apoyo Invest, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.;Red Salud Maternoinfantil & Desarrollo SAMID, Madrid, Spain..
Univ Zaragoza, GENUD Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev Res Grp, IA2, IIS Aragon, C Pedro Cerbuna 12,SAI Bldg Serv Apoyo Invest, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain..
Univ Politecn Madrid, ImFINE Res Grp, Dept Hlth & Human Performance, Madrid, Spain..
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, Ghent, Belgium.;IARC, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, F-69372 Lyon 08, France..
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, E-ISSN 1436-6215, Vol. 56, no 4, 1767-1782 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To examine the association between food groups consumption and vitamin B-6, folate and B-12 intakes and biomarkers in adolescents. In total 2189 individuals participating in the cross-sectional Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study met the eligibility criteria for analysis of dietary intakes (46 % males) and 632 for biomarker analysis (47 % males). Food intakes were assessed by two non-consecutive 24-h recalls. Biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay. Food groups which best discriminated participants in the extreme tertiles of the distribution of vitamins were identified by discriminant analyses. Food groups with standardised canonical coefficients higher or equal to 0.3 were selected as valid discriminators of vitamins intake and biomarkers extreme tertiles. Linear mixed model elucidated the association between food groups and vitamins intakes and biomarkers. Vitamin B-6 intakes and biomarkers were best discriminated by meat (males and females), margarine and mixed origin lipids only in males and breakfast cereals (females). Breakfast cereals (males), and fruits, margarine and mixed origin lipids, vegetables excluding potatoes, breakfast cereals, and soups/bouillon (females) determined the most folate intakes and biomarkers. Considering vitamin B-12 intakes and biomarkers, meat, and white and butter milk (males and females), snacks (males), and dairy products (females) best discriminated individual in the extremes of the distribution. Fewer associations were obtained with mixed model for biomarkers than for vitamins intakes with food groups. Whereas B-vitamin intakes were associated with their food sources, biomarkers did with overall food consumption. Low-nutrient-density foods may compromise adolescents' vitamin status.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG , 2017. Vol. 56, no 4, 1767-1782 p.
Keyword [en]
Foods contributors, B-vitamins, Adolescents
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36059DOI: 10.1007/s00394-016-1221-1ISI: 000403469100035PubMedID: 27312567OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-36059DiVA: diva2:1120647
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2017-07-06Bibliographically approved

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Hallström, Lena

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