mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Parametric Study for Production of Dimethyl Ether (DME) As a Fuel from Palm Wastes
Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4359-2232
Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: Energy Procedia, Elsevier Ltd , 2017, 1242-1249 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Dimethyl Ether (DME) has been getting numerous attention as it's potential as the second generation bio-fuel. Traditionally DME is produced from the petroleum based stock which involves two steps of synthesis (methanol synthesis from the syngas and DME synthesis from methanol). DME synthesis via single step is one of the promising methods that has been developed. In Malaysia, due to the abundance of oil palm waste, it is a good candidate to be used as a feedstock for DME production. In this paper, single step process of DME synthesis was simulated and investigated using the Aspen HYSYS. Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) from palm wastes has been taken as the main feed stock for DME synthesis. Four parameters (temperature, pressure, steam/biomass ratio and oxygen/biomass ratio) have been studied on the H2/CO ratio and DME yield. The results showed that optimum H2/CO ratio of 1.0 has been obtained when having an oxygen to biomass ratio (O/B) of 0.37 and steam to biomass ratio (S/B) of 0.23. The increment in the steam to biomass ratio increased the production of DME while the increment in oxygen to biomass ratio will cause reduction in DME production. © 2017 The Authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2017. 1242-1249 p.
Keyword [en]
Aspen Hysys, Biomass Gasification, DME synthesis, Process simulation, Biomass, Ethers, Methanol, Oxygen, Palm oil, Synthesis gas manufacture, Empty fruit bunches, Methanol synthesis, Process simulations, Second generation, Single-step process, Fuels
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-36066DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.431Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020753434OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-36066DiVA: diva2:1120629
Conference
8th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2016, 8 October 2016 through 11 October 2016
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2017-07-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Naqvi, Muhammad

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Naqvi, Muhammad
By organisation
Future Energy Center
Energy Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 6 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf