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Bureaucracies in Schools: Approaches to Support Measures in Swedish Schools Seen in the Light of Skrtic's Theories
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
Uppsala universitet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0027-094X
Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
(English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, policy changes for provision of special support have been introduced, implying that teachers are obliged to provide and evaluate extra adaptations in regular classrooms prior to referring pupils to special support. The policy changes raise questions about school staffs’ views of support measures and of necessary professional competence for provision of the support measures. We conducted focus group interviews with 60 school staff representatives—headmasters, general education teachers, and special educators/school welfare teams—about their understandings of the new policy. The data were analyzed qualitatively, with the objective to explore school staffs’ approaches to the policy changes. Two main “ideal type approaches” were discerned, using Skrtic’s theories, viz. the bureaucracy approach and adhocracy approach. In the light of Skrtic’s theory, professionals’ reasoning about the new policy may reflect difficulties that are encountered in the process of implementing the policy in bureaucracy-steered schools.

Keyword [en]
focus group dialogues; ideal type; approaches to support; inclusion; Swdish school staff
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35533DOI: 10.1080/00313831.2017.1324905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-35533DiVA: diva2:1104855
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-05Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, MargaretaKlang, Nina
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf