Applications of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in biomass energy conversion processes: A review
(English)In: Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, ISSN 0570-4928Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Biomass used in energy conversion processes is typically characterized by high variability, making its utilization challenging. Therefore, there is a need for a fast and non-destructive method to determine feedstock/product properties and directly monitor process reactors. The near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technique together with advanced data analysis methods offers a possible solution. This review focuses on the introduction of the NIRS method and its recent applications to physical, thermochemical, biochemical and physiochemical biomass conversion processes represented mainly by pelleting, combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, as well as biogas, bioethanol, and biodiesel production. NIRS has been proven to be a reliable and inexpensive method with a great potential for use in process optimization, advanced control, or product quality assurance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.
Biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, biomass, chemometrics, near-infrared spectroscopy, NIRS, near infrared, NIR, instrumentation
Analytical Chemistry Energy Systems Chemical Process Engineering Bioenergy Bioprocess Technology
Research subject Biotechnology/Chemical Engineering; Energy- and Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-34992DOI: 10.1080/05704928.2017.1289471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-34992DiVA: diva2:1078245