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ATT BLI HÖRD OCH FÖRSTÅDD: Litteraturstudie om att leva med afasi
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige drabbas drygt en tredjedel av de patienter som fått diagnosen ”akut stroke” av afasi med tydliga funktionsnedsättningar. Afasi innebär oftast en kris, en förändring av patientens livssituation. Även patientens familj och dess närståendes liv påverkas av den förändrade livssituationen. 

Syfte: Att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med afasi. 

Metod: Litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes. 

Resultat: Litteraturstudien resulterade i två teman: det förändrade livet och att kämpa vidare. Dessa teman bestod av sju subteman: vikten av verbal kommunikation, meningsfulla relationer, arbetets betydelse, återhämtning och återerövra vardagen, positiv inställning till livet, kampen för att bryta social isolering och skapa självförtroende. 

Slutsats: En god kommunikation, en god relation med familj och vänner samt ett ömsesidigt socialt samspel bidrar till välbefinnande hos patienter med afasi. En meningsfull delaktighet och samhällets stöd förbättrar livskvalitén hos patienter med afasi och bidrar till livstillfredställelse. 

Nyckelord: afasi, aktiviteter, kommunikation, patientperspektiv, rehabilitering, stroke.

Abstract [en]

Background: More than a third of the patients in Sweden diagnosed with “acute stroke” suffer from aphasia with distinct disabilities. Aphasia usually implies a crisis, a change in the patient’s life situation. Even the patient’s family and its related parties’ lives are affected by the changing life situation. 

Aim: To describe patients’ experiences of living with aphasia. 

Method: Literature study with descriptive synthesis. 

Results: The literature review resulted in two themes: the changing life and to keep struggling. These themes consisted of seven subthemes: the importance of verbal communication, meaningful relationships, the importance of work, recovery and recapture everyday life, positive attitude to life, the struggle to break the social isolation and create confidence. 

Conclusion: A good communication, good relationships with family and friends as well as a reciprocal social interaction contributes to the well-being of patients with aphasia. A meaningful participation and social support improves quality of life in patients with aphasia and contributes to life satisfaction. 

Keywords: activities, aphasia, communication, patient perspective, rehabilitation, stroke.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-34567OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-34567DiVA: diva2:1060790
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2016-12-29 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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