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An individually tailored behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy for tension-type headache - Two experimental case studies
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4537-030X
Fysiokliniken Västra Aros AB, Västerås, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Pain Research, ISSN 1178-7090, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 9, p. 1089-1099Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the effect of an individually tailored behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy, based on a functional behavioral analysis (FBA), for tension-type headache (TTH). Patients and methods: Two case studies with A1-A2-B-A3 design of two patients with TTH was conducted. Outcome variables were headache frequency, headache index (mean intensity), consumption of analgesics, self-efficacy in headache management (Headache Management Self-efficacy Scale [HMSE]), disability, and perceived loss of happiness for activities with family and friends. Results: The results showed that headache frequency and headache index decreased for one of the patients. Self-efficacy in headache management increased markedly for both patients. Conclusion: A behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy based on an FBA can be a way for physical therapists to handle patients with TTH. Future investigations should focus on large group studies with longer observation periods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 9, p. 1089-1099
Keywords [en]
Functional behavioral analysis, Headache index, Loss of happiness, Self-efficacy
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-34530DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S121609ISI: 000389840200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85003474972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-34530DiVA, id: diva2:1059219
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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