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Review of Application of Energy Storage Devices in Railway Transportation
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8697-855X
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. (Future Energy Center)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1001-2489
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1597-6738
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. (Future Energy Center)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7233-6916
2017 (English)In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 105, p. 4561-4568Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Regenerative braking is one of the main reasons behind the high levels of energy efficiency achieved in railway electric traction systems. During regenerative braking, the traction motor acts as a generator and restores part of the kinetic energy into electrical energy. To use this energy, it should be either fed back to the power grid or stored on an energy storage system for later use. This paper reviews the application of energy storage devices used in railway systems for increasing the effectiveness of regenerative brakes. Three main storage devices are reviewed in this paper: batteries, supercapacitors and flywheels. Furthermore, two main challenges in application of energy storage systems are briefly discussed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 105, p. 4561-4568
Keywords [en]
Energy Storage System, Railway, Battery, Supercapacitor, Flywheel
National Category
Environmental Engineering Energy Systems
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-34049DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.980ISI: 000404967904101Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020733634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-34049DiVA, id: diva2:1054962
Conference
8th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2016; Beijing; China; 8 October 2016 through 11 October 2016
Projects
STREAM
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-04319Available from: 2016-12-09 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2018-10-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Increasing Energy Efficiency in Electric Trains Operation: Driver Advisory Systems and Energy Storage
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing Energy Efficiency in Electric Trains Operation: Driver Advisory Systems and Energy Storage
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Electric traction is the most efficient traction system in the railway transportation. However, due to the expensive infrastructure and high power demand from the grid, the share of electric trains in the railway transportation is still lower than other trains. Two of the possible solutions to increase the share of electric trains are: optimal train operation to minimize energy consumption, the use of batteries as the energy source for driving electric trains on non-electrified lines. This thesis aims to extend the knowledge in the field of energy optimal operation of electric trains and battery-driven electric trains.

Energy optimal operation of electric trains is supervised using a driver advisory system (DAS), which instructs the driver to operate the train in an energy-efficient manner. This thesis contributes to DAS technology under two topics: the increase of energy efficiency and the design of DAS.

This thesis presents a complete procedure of designing a DAS from the mathematical formulation to application on the train. The designed DAS is in the form of an Android application and is based on a dynamic programming approach. The computational performance of the approach is enhanced using heuristic state reducing rules based on the physical constraints of the system. The application of the DAS shows a potential reduction of 28% in energy consumption.

This thesis considers the detailed energy losses in the whole propulsion system using a regression model that is generated from validated physical models. The application of the regression model instead of a previous constant efficiency factor model results in 2.3% reduction in energy consumption of the optimum speed profiles.

Based on the solution for the normal electric trains, a solution is also offered for the optimal operation of battery-driven electric trains, in which the characteristics of the battery as one of the main components are considered using an electrical model. The solution presented in this thesis, is to combine the popular single mass point train model with an electrical circuit battery model.

Furthermore, this thesis evaluates the performance of the optimization approaches and validates the models against the measurements from actual drives of a real-life battery train. The results show a potential of around 30% reduction in the charge consumption of the battery.

The results of this thesis (algorithms and the Android application) are provided as open source for further research in the field of energy efficient train control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2018
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 275
Keywords
Driver Advisory System, Catenary-free Operation, Electric Train, Electric Multiple Unit, Battery, Energy Efficiency, Energy Storage, Speed Profile Optimization
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-41136 (URN)978-91-7485-409-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-11-16, Pi, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
STREAM
Funder
VINNOVA, 2014-04319VINNOVA, 2012-01277
Available from: 2018-10-08 Created: 2018-10-06 Last updated: 2018-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Campillo, JavierBohlin, MarkusDahlquist, Erik

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