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Second Order Asymptotic Expansion for Pricing European Options in a Model with Two Stochastic Volatilities
Faculty of Sciences, Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique. (MAM)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8361-4152
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. (MAM)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0139-0747
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. (MAM)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0835-7536
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. (MAM)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4554-6528
2015 (English)In: ASMDA 2015 Proceedings: 16th Applied Stochastic Models and Data Analysis International Conference with 4th Demographics 2015 Workshop, 30 June – 4 July 2015 University of Piraeus, Greece / [ed] C. H. Skiadas, ISAST: International Society for the Advancement of Science and Technology , 2015, 37-52 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Asset price processes with stochastic volatilities have been actively used by researchers in financial mathematics for valuing derivative securities. This type of models allows characterizing the uncertainties in the asset price process in financial markets. In a recent paper Chiarella and Ziveyi analyzed a model with two stochastic volatilities of mean reversion type with one variable changing fast and the other changing slowly. They used method of characteristics to solve the obtained partial differential equation and determine the price of an American option. Fouque et al presented also a similar model in which the volatility of the underlying asset is governed by two diffusion processes which are not of mean reversion type. They developed a first-order asymptotic expansion for the European option price via a perturbation method.

In this chapter we consider the model given in Chiarella and Ziveyi. Instead of pricing American options we price European options by generalizing the techniques presented in Fouque et al to a more complex model with mean reverting stochastic volatility factors. We analyse both regular and singular perturbations to obtain an asymptotic expansion up to second order which can serve as an approximation for the price of non-path-dependent European options. Similar work is done in authors earlier work Canhanga et al where a first-order asymptotic expansion has been developed. Involving the second order terms has the advantage of capturing more accurately the effects of volatility smile and skew on the option pricing. Analytical approximation formula for pricing European Option is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ISAST: International Society for the Advancement of Science and Technology , 2015. 37-52 p.
Keyword [en]
financial market, mean reversion volatility, asymptotic expansion, stochastic volatilities, regular perturbation, singular perturbation, european option
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-33471ISBN: 978-618-5180-05-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-33471DiVA: diva2:1040242
Conference
16th ASMDA Conference
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2016-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Asymptotic Methods for Pricing European Option in a Market Model With Two Stochastic Volatilities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Asymptotic Methods for Pricing European Option in a Market Model With Two Stochastic Volatilities
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Modern financial engineering is a part of applied mathematics that studies market models. Each model is characterized by several parameters. Some of them are familiar to a wide audience, for example, the price of a risky security, or the risk free interest rate. Other parameters are less known, for example, the volatility of the security. This parameter determines the rate of change of security prices and is determined by several factors. For example, during the periods of stable economic growth the prices are changing slowly, and the volatility is small. During the crisis periods, the volatility significantly increases. Classical market models, in particular, the celebrated Nobel Prize awarded Black–Scholes–Merton model (1973), suppose that the volatility remains constant during the lifetime of a financial instrument. Nowadays, in most cases, this assumption cannot adequately describe reality. We consider a model where both the security price and the volatility are described by random functions of time, or stochastic processes. Moreover, the volatility process is modelled as a sum of two independent stochastic processes. Both of them are mean reverting in the sense that they randomly oscillate around their average values and never escape neither to very small nor to very big values. One is changing slowly and describes low frequency, for example, seasonal effects, another is changing fast and describes various high frequency effects. We formulate the model in the form of a system of a special kind of equations called stochastic differential equations. Our system includes three stochastic processes, four independent factors, and depends on two small parameters. We calculate the price of a particular financial instrument called European call option. This financial contract gives its holder the right (but not the obligation) to buy a predefined number of units of the risky security on a predefined date and pay a predefined price. To solve this problem, we use the classical result of Feynman (1948) and Kac (1949). The price of the instrument is the solution to another kind of problem called boundary value problem for a partial differential equation. The resulting equation cannot be solved analytically. Instead we represent the solution in the form of an expansion in the integer and half-integer powers of the two small parameters mentioned above. We calculate the coefficients of the expansion up to the second order, find their financial sense, perform numerical studies, and validate our results by comparing them to known verified models from the literature. The results of our investigation can be used by both financial institutions and individual investors for optimization of their incomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden, 2016
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 219
Keyword
Asymptotic Expansion, European Options, Stochastic Volatilities
National Category
Mathematics
Research subject
Mathematics/Applied Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-33475 (URN)978-91-7485-300-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-07, Kappa, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-10-28 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2016-11-10Bibliographically approved
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