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Towards the verification of temporal data consistency in Real-Time Data Management
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6952-1053
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2898-9570
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2870-2680
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2016 2nd International Workshop on Modelling, Analysis, and Control of Complex CPS, CPS Data 2016, 2016, artikel-id Article number 7496422Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Resurstyp
Text
Abstract [en]

Many Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) require both timeliness of computation and temporal consistency of their data. Therefore, when using real-time databases in a real-time CPS application, the Real-Time Database Management Systems (RTDBMSs) must ensure both transaction timeliness and temporal data consistency. RTDBMSs prevent unwanted interferences of concurrent transactions via concurrency control, which in turn has a significant impact on the timeliness and temporal consistency of data. Therefore it is important to verify, already at early design stages that these properties are not breached by the concurrency control. However, most often such early on guarantees of properties under concurrency control are missing. In this paper we show how to verify transaction timeliness and temporal data consistency using model checking. We model the transaction work units, the data and the concurrency control mechanism as a network of timed automata, and specify the properties in TCTL. The properties are then checked exhaustively and automatically using the UPPAAL model checker. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. artikel-id Article number 7496422
Nyckelord [en]
Complex networks, Embedded systems, Information management, Model checking, Real time systems, Concurrent transactions, Cyber physical systems (CPSs), Early design stages, Real time data management, Real-time database, Real-time database management systems, Temporal consistency, Uppaal model checkers, Concurrency control
Nationell ämneskategori
Inbäddad systemteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32523DOI: 10.1109/CPSData.2016.7496422ISI: 000390778200005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84982976149ISBN: 9781509011544 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-32523DiVA, id: diva2:953670
Konferens
2nd International Workshop on Modelling, Analysis, and Control of Complex CPS, CPS Data 2016, 11 April 2016
Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-18 Skapad: 2016-08-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Systematic Design of Data Management for Real-Time Data-Intensive Applications
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Systematic Design of Data Management for Real-Time Data-Intensive Applications
2017 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Modern real-time data-intensive systems generate large amounts of data that are processed using complex data-related computations such as data aggregation. In order to maintain the consistency of data, such computations must be both logically correct (producing correct and consistent results) and temporally correct (completing before specified deadlines). One solution to ensure logical and temporal correctness is to model these computations as transactions and manage them using a Real-Time Database Management System (RTDBMS). Ideally, depending on the particular system, the transactions are customized with the desired logical and temporal correctness properties, which are achieved by the customized RTDBMS with appropriate run-time mechanisms. However, developing such a data management solution with provided guarantees is not easy, partly due to inadequate support for systematic analysis during the design. Firstly, designers do not have means to identify the characteristics of the computations, especially data aggregation, and to reason about their implications. Design flaws might not be discovered, and thus they may be propagated to the implementation. Secondly, trade-off analysis of conflicting properties, such as conflicts between transaction isolation and temporal correctness, is mainly performed ad-hoc, which increases the risk of unpredictable behavior.

In this thesis, we propose a systematic approach to develop transaction-based data management with data aggregation support for real-time systems. Our approach includes the following contributions: (i) a taxonomy of data aggregation, (ii) a process for customizing transaction models and RTDBMS, and (iii) a pattern-based method of modeling transactions in the timed automata framework, which we show how to verify with respect to transaction isolation and temporal correctness. Our proposed taxonomy of data aggregation processes helps in identifying their common and variable characteristics, based on which their implications can be reasoned about. Our proposed process allows designers to derive transaction models with desired properties for the data-related computations from system requirements, and decide the appropriate run-time mechanisms for the customized RTDBMS to achieve the desired properties. To perform systematic trade-off analysis between transaction isolation and temporal correctness specifically, we propose a method to create formal models of transactions with concurrency control, based on which the isolation and temporal correctness properties can be verified by model checking, using the UPPAAL tool. By applying the proposed approach to the development of an industrial demonstrator, we validate the applicability of our approach.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2017
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 258
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35369 (URN)978-91-7485-334-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2017-06-12, Kappa, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Projekt
DAGGERS
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsen
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-23 Skapad: 2017-05-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Systematic Design and Analysis of Customized Data Management for Real-Time Database Systems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Systematic Design and Analysis of Customized Data Management for Real-Time Database Systems
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Modern real-time data-intensive systems generate large amounts of data that are processed using complex data-related computations such as data aggregation. In order to maintain logical data consistency and temporal correctness of the computations, one solution is to model the latter as transactions and manage them using a Real-Time Database Management System (RTDBMS). Ideally, depending on the particular system, the transactions are customized with the desired logical and temporal correctness properties, which should be enforced by the customized RTDBMS via appropriate transaction management mechanisms. However, developing such a data management solution with high assurance is not easy, partly due to inadequate support for systematic specification and analysis during the design. Firstly, designers do not have means to identify the characteristics of the computations, especially data aggregation, and to reason about their implications. Design flaws might not be discovered early enough, and thus they may propagate to the implementation. Secondly, meeting more properties simultaneously might not be possible, so trading-off the less critical ones for the critical one, for instance, temporal correctness, is sometimes required. Nevertheless, trade-off analysis of conflicting properties, such as transaction atomicity, isolation and temporal correctness, is mainly performed ad-hoc, which increases the risk of unpredictable behavior.

In this thesis, we address the above problems by showing how to systematically design and provide assurance of transaction-based data management with data aggregation support, customized for real-time systems. We propose a design process as our methodology for the systematic design and analysis of the trade-offs between desired properties, which is facilitated by a series of modeling and analysis techniques. Our design process consists of three major steps as follows: (i) Specifying the data-related computations, as well as the logical data consistency and temporal correctness properties, from system requirements, (ii) Selecting the appropriate transaction models to model the computations, and deciding the corresponding transaction management mechanisms that can guarantee the properties, via formal analysis, and, (iii) Generating the customized RTDBMS with the proved transaction management mechanisms, via configuration or implementation. In order to support the first step of our process, we propose a taxonomy of data aggregation processes for identifying their common and variable characteristics, based on which their inter-dependencies can be captured, and the consequent design implications can be reasoned about. Tool support is provided to check the consistency of the data aggregation design specifications. To specify transaction atomicity, isolation and temporal correctness, as well as the transaction management mechanisms, we also propose a Unified Modeling Language (UML) profile with explicit support for these elements. The second step of our process relies on the systematic analysis of trade-offs between transaction atomicity, isolation and temporal correctness. To achieve this, we propose two formal frameworks for modeling transactions with abort recovery, concurrency control, and scheduling. The first framework UPPCART utilizes timed automata as the underlying formalism, based on which the desired properties can be verified by model checking. The second framework UPPCART-SMC models the system as stochastic timed automata, which allows for probabilistic analysis of the properties for large complex RTDBMS using statistical model checking. The encoding of high-level UTRAN specifications into corresponding formal models is supported by tool automation, which we also propose in this thesis. The applicability and usefulness of our proposed techniques are validated via several industrial use cases focusing on real-time data management.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2019
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 295
Nationell ämneskategori
Programvaruteknik
Forskningsämne
datavetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-45211 (URN)978-91-7485-441-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-11-04, Gamma, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-19 Skapad: 2019-09-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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