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Byggnadsinformationsmodellering (BIM) - Användning under byggprocessen: Möjligheter och hinder med BIM
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
2015 (svensk)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

The construction industry represents one of the largest and most important industries in Sweden with a large throughput per year. Problems often arise in construction projects which lead to unnecessary construction costs, material costs and waste of time. A solution to those problems can be BIM-Building Information Modeling. BIM is a collective concept of how information is created, stored and used in different stages using a BIM 3D-model. The information should contain important data like height, volume, area, pressure etc. and be digital, measurable and available throughout the whole construction process.   

The purpose of this study is to explore how BIM can make the construction industry more efficient regarding construction costs and time and to obtain a comprehensive view of BIM concept and functions during the construction process.

The theoretical part includes benefits and disadvantages of BIM during the project planning, production and management stages. The implementation part describes the background of several of the interviewed actors and the implementation of a BIM-model in the program Autodesk Revit. The results are mainly based on interviews of different actors from project planning, production and management stages, but also from a BIM-model of a simple component. The interview result is a summary and reports the features and benefits of the use of BIM.  Former research in one residential shows that BIM perhaps give a saving in 5.15% of the costs.

In conclusion BIM represents many advantages that will change and improve the construction process including time saving and less costs. BIM will be the leading approach in the construction industry with more education and better adapted software.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. , s. 51
Emneord [sv]
BIM, Byggnadsinformationsmodellering
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-30924OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-30924DiVA, id: diva2:899355
Fag / kurs
Building Engineering
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-18 Laget: 2016-02-01 Sist oppdatert: 2016-03-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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