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Cooperation and Shared Beliefs about Trust in the Assurance Game
Linköping University, Sweden.
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik. Stockholms University, Sweden. (Mathematics and Applied Mathematics (MAM))ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7164-0924
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, nr 12, artikkel-id e0144191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Determinants of cooperation include ingroup vs. outgroup membership, and individual traits, such as prosociality and trust. We investigated whether these factors can be overridden by beliefs about people's trust. We manipulated the information players received about each other's level of general trust, "high" or "low". These levels were either measured (Experiment 1) or just arbitrarily assigned labels (Experiment 2). Players' choices whether to cooperate or defect in a stag hunt (or an assurance game)-where it is mutually beneficial to cooperate, but costly if the partner should fail to do so-were strongly predicted by what they were told about the other player's trust label, as well as by what they were told that the other player was told about their own label. Our findings demonstrate the importance for cooperation in a risky coordination game of both first- and second-order beliefs about how much people trust each other. This supports the idea that institutions can influence cooperation simply by influencing beliefs.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 10, nr 12, artikkel-id e0144191
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
matematik/tillämpad matematik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-30041DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144191ISI: 000366902700074PubMedID: 26640892Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84955610656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-30041DiVA, id: diva2:885673
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2009-2390Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-20 Laget: 2015-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert

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