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Business advisory services and risk among start-ups and young companies: A gender perspective
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8430-5714
Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 168-190Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – This study aims to investigate the demand for business advisory services by owners of start-ups and young companies by taking a gender perspective. The study also examines whether risk-taking is more characteristic of masculine than feminine behaviour in this context. Design/methodology/approach – Aliterature review examines business advisory services and risk aversion from a gender perspective. The empirical data are derived from interviews with owners of more than 2,700 start-ups and young companies in Sweden.Anumber of key variables compare how the company owners (women and men) view business advisory services as a way to overcome risk and to gain access to information in networks. Several statistical tests are used to analyse these data. Findings – Women owners of start-ups and young companies use more and different business advisory services than men owners. There are differences among the men owners and women owners with regard to the amount of start-up capital, company size and industry sector. Given the risks associated with start-up, business advisory services are important to women in helping them reduce their risk in the start-up and early stages of their companies. Research limitations/implications – Companies in Sweden’s largest city, Stockholm, were not included in the sample. Financial data were not used as variables. Practical implications – Policymakers should address women owners’ greater demand for business advisory services in their companies’ early stages. Originality/value – This study’s originality is its gender perspective on the demand for business advisory services by start-ups and young companies and its challenge to previous findings about entrepreneurial behaviour and risk-taking. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 168-190
Nyckelord [en]
Business advisory services, Gender, Network, Risk, Start-up, Young companies
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28214DOI: 10.1108/IJGE-05-2013-0046ISI: 000214085200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84930157695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-28214DiVA, id: diva2:819770
Tillgänglig från: 2015-06-11 Skapad: 2015-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In the start-up entrepreneurs face the Liability of Newness when problems and challenges often threaten business survival. Business advisory service, provided by public and private supplier contacts, can offer important knowledge and information, accompanied by various forms of assistance, and thereby decrease the entrepreneurs’ risk of failure and reduce their Liability of Newness. However, it is difficult to match the entrepreneurs’ need for such advice with the available advice. The support must meet the need. Most nations in the European Union have programs and projects that provide such support for entrepreneurs and SMEs. Special programs often support female entrepreneurs and/or immigrant entrepreneurs.

This thesis examines the level and handling of the Liability of Newness with special focus on female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden. The four papers of this thesis take the perspective of these entrepreneurs. The research is based on a sample of 2 832 entrepreneurs who were interviewed (in a telephone survey) on their impressions and recollections on their need for and use of business advisory service in the start-up processes of their companies. Fulfilment of need is achieved when the need for business advisory service is matched with the right use of business advisory service.

Heterogeneities as far as the level and handling of the Liability of Newness exist related to female entrepreneurs (vs. male entrepreneurs) and immigrant entrepreneurs (vs. non-immigrant entrepreneurs). Female entrepreneurs have a higher need for business advisory service than male entrepreneurs and also use more business advisory service than male entrepreneurs. As a result, female entrepreneurs can decrease the hazard rate for their companies and also reduce the Liability of Newness as their companies move toward the standard risk in their industry. Immigrant entrepreneurs also have a higher need for business advisory service than non-immigrant entrepreneurs. However, because immigrant entrepreneurs use business advisory service to the same extent that non-immigrant entrepreneurs do, immigrant entrepreneurs are unable to decrease the hazard rate for their companies or to reduce the Liability of Newness.The thesis makes both theoretical, methodological and practical contributions.

The thesis may be of interest to government policy makers with its attention to the need and use of business advisory service by female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, 2017. s. 70
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 230
Nyckelord
Entrepreneurship, Business advisory service, female and male entrepreneurs, immigrant entrepreneurs
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
industriell ekonomi och organisation
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35288 (URN)978-91-7485-331-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-06-19, Paros, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 09:15 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-05 Skapad: 2017-05-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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