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Human Industrial Robot Collaboration – development and application of simulation software
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2401-0380
Scania CV AB, Sweden.
Fraunhofer Chalmers Centre, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7935-8811
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation, ISSN 1742-5557, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 164-185Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human industrial robot collaboration (HIRC) aims to combine the benefits of industrial robots with humans in production environments. This is a growing research field where most work focuses on the safety aspects, while little research is performed on simulation and visualisation. The aim of this paper is to present a demonstrator software for simulation, visualisation and evaluation of human industrial robot collaboration.

Two simulation software products were combined to reach this goal. The new tool was then applied to two industrial assembly cases where productivity and biomechanical loads on humans were calculated. The resulting demonstrator software simulates and visualises human industrial robot collaboration. The quantitative output from the simulation makes it possible to compare HIRC, manual and robotic assembly stations in terms of productivity and ergonomics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, no 2, p. 164-185
Keywords [en]
Human robot collaboration; HRC; industrial robot collaboration; human robot; industrial assembly; man machine; digital human modelling; DHM; virtual simulation; workstation design; ergonomics
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28068DOI: 10.1504/IJHFMS.2015.075362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-28068DiVA, id: diva2:816460
Projects
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing development
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production researchAvailable from: 2015-06-03 Created: 2015-06-03 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Human − industrial robot collaboration: Simulation, visualisation and optimisation of future assembly workstations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human − industrial robot collaboration: Simulation, visualisation and optimisation of future assembly workstations
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2015
Series
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 211
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28070 (URN)978-91-7485-218-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-09-08, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2015-06-03 Created: 2015-06-03 Last updated: 2015-08-24Bibliographically approved
2. Designing workstations for human–industrial robot collaboration: Development and application of simulation software
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing workstations for human–industrial robot collaboration: Development and application of simulation software
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Human-industrial robot collaboration (HIRC) creates an opportunity for an ideal combination of human senses and industrial robot efficiency. The strength, endurance and accuracy of industrial robots can be combined with human intelligence and flexibility to create workstations with increased productivity, quality and reduced ergonomic load compared with traditional manual workstations. Even though multiple technical developments of industrial robot and safety systems have taken place over the last decade, solutions facilitating HIRC workstation design are still limited. One element in realising an efficient design of a future workstation is a simulation software. Thus the objective of this research is to (1) develop a demonstrator software that simulates, visualises and evaluates HIRC workstations and (2) propose a design process of how to apply such a simulation software in an industrial context.

The thesis comprises five papers describing the development of a HIRC simulation software and its corresponding design process. Two existing simulation software tools, one for digital human modelling and one for robotic simulation, were merged into one application. Evaluation measures concerning operation time and ergonomic load were included in the common software. Existing engineering design methods were applied in a HIRC workstation context to describe the utilisation of a HIRC simulation software. These developments were demonstrated in five actual industrial cases from a heavy vehicle manufacturing company.

The HIRC simulation software developed enables simulation, visualisation and evaluation of all kinds of HIRC workstations where human and robot simultaneously work in a collaborative environment including hand-guiding tasks. Multiple layout alternatives can be visualised and compared with quantitative numbers of total operation time and biomechanical load on the human body. An integrated HIRC workstation design process describes how such a simulation software can be applied to create suitable workstations. This process also includes a safety measure by which the collision forces between the industrial robot and the human are predicted. These forces have to be minimised to tolerable limits in order to design safe HIRC workstations.

The HIRC simulation software developed and the proposed workstation design process enable more efficient HIRC workstation design. The possibility of designing and evaluating HIRC alternatives for hand-guiding activities is rarely found in other simulation software. The evaluation could include different types of layout alternatives and workstations: HIRC, fully manual or fully automatic. All of these could be compared based on their total operation time and biomechanical load and thus be used in workstation design decision making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2020
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 306
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-46591 (URN)978-91-7485-456-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-02-14, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Ore, FredrikWiktorsson, Magnus

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