mdh.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
MATERIAL EFFICIENCY MANAGEMENT IN MANUFACTURING
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. (IPR)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3390-938X
2015 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Material efficiency is a key solution to provide a reduction in the total environmental impact of global manufacturing, which contributes to avoid generating larger volumes of industrial waste, to reduce extracting and consuming ever more resources and to decrease energy demand and carbon emissions. However, the area of material efficiency in manufacturing has been under-researched and related knowledge is limited.

The research objective of this thesis is to contribute to the existing body of knowledge regarding material efficiency in manufacturing - to increase understanding, describe the existing situation and develop support for improvement. This thesis focuses on value of process and residual materials in material efficiency: to increase homogenous quality of generated waste with higher segregation rate, decreasing the amount of material becoming waste and reduce total virgin raw material consumption without influencing the function and quality of a product or process.

To achieve the objective, material efficiency strategies, existing state of material efficiency in manufacturing and barriers that avert higher material efficiency improvement have been investigated. The results are supported by four structured literature reviews and two [MW1] empirical multiple case studies at large global manufacturing companies in Sweden, mainly automotive. Empirical studies include observations, interviews, waste stream mapping, waste sorting analysis, environmental report reviews and walkthroughs in companies to determine the material efficiency and industrial waste management systems.

The empirical results revealed that material efficiency improvement potential of further waste segregation to gain economic and environmental benefits is still high. Determining different waste segments and relative fractions along with calculating material efficiency performance measurements facilitate improvements in material efficiency. In addition to attempts for waste generation reduction, avoiding blending and correct segregation of different waste fractions is an essential step towards material efficiency. The next step is to improve the value of waste fractions i.e. having more specific cost-effective fractions. Waste Flow Mapping proves to be an effective practical tool to be utilized at manufacturing companies in order to check and explore the improvement opportunities.

In addition, a number of barriers that hinder material efficiency was identified. The most influential material efficiency barriers are Budgetary, Information, Management and Employees. The majority of identified material efficiency barriers are internal, originate inside the company itself and are dependent upon the manufacturing companies’ characteristics. As a result, management and employees’ attitude, environmental knowledge and environmental motivation, as well as their internal communication and information sharing, and companies’ core value and vision are the enablers for material efficiency improvement.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Eskilstuna: Mälardalen University , 2015.
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 210
Emneord [en]
Material efficiency, industrial waste management, manufacturing
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
innovation och design
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28004ISBN: 978-91-7485-214-1 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-28004DiVA, id: diva2:813564
Presentation
2015-09-02, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Prosjekter
MEMIMAN
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchTilgjengelig fra: 2015-05-25 Laget: 2015-05-22 Sist oppdatert: 2015-08-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Material efficiency in manufacturing: swedish evidence on potential, barriers and strategies
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Material efficiency in manufacturing: swedish evidence on potential, barriers and strategies
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

• Importance of higher waste segregation for improving material efficiency.• Presentation of barriers towards improved material efficiency in a new categorization.• Material efficiency barriers are mainly internal.• Lack of material efficiency strategy implementation in the manufacturing companies.

Emneord
Material efficiency, waste segregation, manufacturing sustainability, residual material, automotive, industrial waste management
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
energi- och miljöteknik; industriell ekonomi och organisation
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27998 (URN)
Prosjekter
MEMIMANINNOFACTURE
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 16135
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-05-22 Laget: 2015-05-22 Sist oppdatert: 2016-12-21bibliografisk kontrollert
2. A foresight study on future trends influencing material consumption and waste generation in production
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A foresight study on future trends influencing material consumption and waste generation in production
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: FAIM 2014 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Capturing Competitive Advantage via Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Transformation / [ed] F. Frank Chen, San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc. , 2014, s. 249-257Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

There are boundless upcoming factors that influence future of material waste in production. This broad range of factors needs to be scanned, categorized and analyzed in a structured way. This paper by a foresight study, aims to give an insight and increase awareness about external macro-level future trends concerning raw material consumption and waste generation in production. A limited pilot study indicated that technological forecasting and some reaction upon obvious trends are being taken, although in an ad hoc manner and without structured tools. However, political influences, economic visions and social-cultural shifts were seldom or never discussed. External macro trends and tendencies were examined through PEST analysis to identify potentials and opportunities influencing strategic decisions and innovation initiatives. It is vital to understand the whole picture of possible changes and not only considering the technological trends, but also other relevant development areas that might affect production in different ways.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc., 2014
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25150 (URN)2-s2.0-84960895460 (Scopus ID)978-1-60595-173-7 (ISBN)
Konferanse
24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2014; San Antonio; United States; 20 May 2014 through 23 May 2014; Code 116703
Prosjekter
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentMEMIMAN - Material Efficiency Management in Manufacturing
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-09 Laget: 2014-06-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Industrial waste management within manufacturing: a comparative study of tools, policies, visions and concepts
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Industrial waste management within manufacturing: a comparative study of tools, policies, visions and concepts
Vise andre…
2013 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Industrial waste is a key factor when assessing the sustainability of a manufacturing process or company. A multitude of visions, concepts, tools, and policies are used both academically and industrially to improve the environmental effect of manufacturing; a majority of these approaches have a direct bearing on industrial waste. The identified approaches have in this paper been categorised according to application area, goals, organisational entity, life cycle phase, and waste hierarchy stage; the approaches have also been assessed according to academic prevalence, semantic aspects, and overlaps. In many cases the waste management approaches have similar goals and approaches, which cause confusion and disorientation for companies aiming to synthesise their management systems to fit their waste management strategy. Thus, a study was performed on how waste management approaches can be integrated to reach the vision of zero waste in manufacturing.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-21368 (URN)978-1-907413-23-0 (ISBN)
Konferanse
The 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013), Cranfield UK, 19 September - 20 September 2013
Prosjekter
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentXPRESMEMIMAN
Forskningsfinansiär
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-17 Laget: 2013-09-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-27bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Waste flow mapping to improve sustainability of waste management: A case study approach
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Waste flow mapping to improve sustainability of waste management: A case study approach
Vise andre…
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, nr 1, s. 304-315Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Innovative, resource-efficient solutions and effective waste management systems capture value in business and contribute to sustainability. However, due to scattered waste management responsibilities in the vehicle industry and the orientation of operations management and lean tools, which mostly focus on lead-time and labour-time improvements, the requirement of a collaborative method to include material waste efficiency in operational development is identified. The main purpose of this research is to study how operations management and environmental management can be integrated on an operational level and include the waste management supply chain. Based on a literature review of environmental and operational improvement tools and principles, the gaps and needs in current practice were identified. A large case study implementing a waste flow mapping (WFM) method on a set of manufacturing sites revealed potentials in terms of reducing material losses and inefficiencies in the handling of materials and waste. Finally, the integrated WFM method was analysed with respect to the gaps and needs identified in the existing body of tools for operational and environmental improvement. The method combines lean manufacturing tools, such as value stream mapping with cleaner production and material flow cost accounting strategies. The empirical data showed that the WFM method is adequate for current state analysis of waste material efficiency potentials, especially when multiple organisations are involved. However, further development and specific methods are needed such as, for example, logistics inefficiencies, root cause analysis, implementation guidelines for best practice and systems for performance monitoring of actors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2015
Emneord
material efficiency;waste flow mapping; waste management services; manufacturing industry; environmental system analysis
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
energi- och miljöteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25265 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.06.076 (DOI)000356194300031 ()2-s2.0-84929944699 (Scopus ID)
Prosjekter
MemimanXPRES
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchXPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-07-05 Laget: 2014-06-16 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-05bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1700 kB)1283 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT02.pdfFilstørrelse 1700 kBChecksum SHA-512
97c8842ec95624ae2d3bae4448549d100474a50a0baaf2c489afb4d9863e3f635aaee7f74677eed547a72c071753056f8c830658b3f5565384a9be160bdcad97
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Personposter BETA

Shahbazi, Sasha

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Shahbazi, Sasha
Av organisasjonen

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 1283 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 1536 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf