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Improving project performance in product development
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0468-8503
2015 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The development of new products and processes is a crucial point of competition and due to the rapid technological development and strong international competition, companies are being forced to design better products faster and more efficiently. In the last two decades large companies in particular have developed increasingly sophisticated models, process descriptions, structures and routines for how to steer and manage their often large and complex projects. Processes in product development projects often contain many dependencies among both tasks and people, requiring coordination of activities and the opportunity to capture incomplete information that evolves over time. When attempting to increase project performance, a strong focus has been on the efficiency of the projects, on doing things right. As a result, both in industry and in research, effectiveness, doing the right things, has gained less importance than it probably should. For companies to really increase their performance, effectiveness must be considered to a much higher extent.

The objective of the research presented in this thesis has been to increase the knowledge of how the performance of projects in a product development context can be improved. This involves investigating factors which affects performance on different levels of the projects such as the individual working on the project, the single project, the project organisation, the company, and the business context. Data have been collected through literature studies as well as a case study divided into two parts.

The research results show that project organisations face the challenge of being able to have projects running efficiently according to plan while at the same time exploring and creating new knowledge. Formalised product development processes can support the progress of projects, but there is a risk that exploratory work and innovation could suffer. This is a challenge, especially in contexts characterised by uncertainty and complexity. Further, a number of areas which affect the project performance were identified, including the business context, process characteristics, project model, project characteristics, and project management. These findings have resulted in a proposed start of a framework for improving product development project performance in dynamic contexts.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2015.
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 192
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan teknik
Forskningsämne
innovation och design
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27493ISBN: 978-91-7485-186-1 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27493DiVA, id: diva2:787352
Presentation
2015-03-27, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-10 Skapad: 2015-02-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-03-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Linking development efficiency, effectiveness, and process improvements
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Linking development efficiency, effectiveness, and process improvements
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, 2014Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25179 (URN)
Konferens
Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, 19-23 May 2014, Budapest, Hungary
Projekt
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing development
Tillgänglig från: 2014-06-05 Skapad: 2014-06-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-02-10Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Rethinking effectiveness: Addressing managerial paradoxes by using a process perspective on effectiveness
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Rethinking effectiveness: Addressing managerial paradoxes by using a process perspective on effectiveness
2014 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27494 (URN)
Konferens
21st EurOMA Conference, June 20-25, Palermo, Italy
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-10 Skapad: 2015-02-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-02-10Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Exploring tensions between creativity and control in product development projects
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Exploring tensions between creativity and control in product development projects
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: DS 80-3 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15): VOL 3: ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT, 2015Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

To sustain organizational performance in dynamic contexts, organizations must be able to change through innovation while still continuing to perform in the short term. Central to successful innovation is to understand and manage tensions, paradoxes, contradictions, and dilemmas. This paper will present empirical data from a single case study discussed in relation to institutional theory in connection to organizational tensions and conflicts. Results show examples of a strong focus on proactive approaches with attempts to control and manage product development projects in a strict manner, even though the organization is acting in a context characterized by uncertainty with a need for creativity and a reactive approach. This shows a lacking understanding of what is required of the project process in this context and the tensions created between the strict process control and the dynamic environment. Conclusions point at the need for both creativity and control in the management of product development projects. However, there is a risk of strong institutions preventing organizations from recognizing the need for change.

Nyckelord
Organisation of product development; Project management; Creativity; Control
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27495 (URN)000366981200025 ()2-s2.0-84979900414 (Scopus ID)978-1-904670-66-7 (ISBN)
Konferens
20th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-10 Skapad: 2015-02-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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