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A foresight study on future trends influencing material consumption and waste generation in production
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. (IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation))ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3390-938X
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. (IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation))ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9817-9069
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. (IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation))ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8309-7367
Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. (IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation))ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7935-8811
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: FAIM 2014 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Capturing Competitive Advantage via Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Transformation / [ed] F. Frank Chen, San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc. , 2014, s. 249-257Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

There are boundless upcoming factors that influence future of material waste in production. This broad range of factors needs to be scanned, categorized and analyzed in a structured way. This paper by a foresight study, aims to give an insight and increase awareness about external macro-level future trends concerning raw material consumption and waste generation in production. A limited pilot study indicated that technological forecasting and some reaction upon obvious trends are being taken, although in an ad hoc manner and without structured tools. However, political influences, economic visions and social-cultural shifts were seldom or never discussed. External macro trends and tendencies were examined through PEST analysis to identify potentials and opportunities influencing strategic decisions and innovation initiatives. It is vital to understand the whole picture of possible changes and not only considering the technological trends, but also other relevant development areas that might affect production in different ways.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
San Antonio, Texas, United States: DEStech Publications, Inc. , 2014. s. 249-257
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25150Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84960895460ISBN: 978-1-60595-173-7 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-25150DiVA, id: diva2:722785
Konferanse
24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2014; San Antonio; United States; 20 May 2014 through 23 May 2014; Code 116703
Prosjekter
INNOFACTURE - innovative manufacturing developmentMEMIMAN - Material Efficiency Management in ManufacturingTilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-09 Laget: 2014-06-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. MATERIAL EFFICIENCY MANAGEMENT IN MANUFACTURING
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>MATERIAL EFFICIENCY MANAGEMENT IN MANUFACTURING
2015 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Material efficiency is a key solution to provide a reduction in the total environmental impact of global manufacturing, which contributes to avoid generating larger volumes of industrial waste, to reduce extracting and consuming ever more resources and to decrease energy demand and carbon emissions. However, the area of material efficiency in manufacturing has been under-researched and related knowledge is limited.

The research objective of this thesis is to contribute to the existing body of knowledge regarding material efficiency in manufacturing - to increase understanding, describe the existing situation and develop support for improvement. This thesis focuses on value of process and residual materials in material efficiency: to increase homogenous quality of generated waste with higher segregation rate, decreasing the amount of material becoming waste and reduce total virgin raw material consumption without influencing the function and quality of a product or process.

To achieve the objective, material efficiency strategies, existing state of material efficiency in manufacturing and barriers that avert higher material efficiency improvement have been investigated. The results are supported by four structured literature reviews and two [MW1] empirical multiple case studies at large global manufacturing companies in Sweden, mainly automotive. Empirical studies include observations, interviews, waste stream mapping, waste sorting analysis, environmental report reviews and walkthroughs in companies to determine the material efficiency and industrial waste management systems.

The empirical results revealed that material efficiency improvement potential of further waste segregation to gain economic and environmental benefits is still high. Determining different waste segments and relative fractions along with calculating material efficiency performance measurements facilitate improvements in material efficiency. In addition to attempts for waste generation reduction, avoiding blending and correct segregation of different waste fractions is an essential step towards material efficiency. The next step is to improve the value of waste fractions i.e. having more specific cost-effective fractions. Waste Flow Mapping proves to be an effective practical tool to be utilized at manufacturing companies in order to check and explore the improvement opportunities.

In addition, a number of barriers that hinder material efficiency was identified. The most influential material efficiency barriers are Budgetary, Information, Management and Employees. The majority of identified material efficiency barriers are internal, originate inside the company itself and are dependent upon the manufacturing companies’ characteristics. As a result, management and employees’ attitude, environmental knowledge and environmental motivation, as well as their internal communication and information sharing, and companies’ core value and vision are the enablers for material efficiency improvement.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Eskilstuna: Mälardalen University, 2015
Serie
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 210
Emneord
Material efficiency, industrial waste management, manufacturing
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
innovation och design
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28004 (URN)978-91-7485-214-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-09-02, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Prosjekter
MEMIMAN
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-05-25 Laget: 2015-05-22 Sist oppdatert: 2015-08-24bibliografisk kontrollert

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