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The Middle Management of Offshoring: Understanding Offshoring Strategy Implementation at a Meso Level
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. (IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4077-6949
2013 (English)In: Lecture notes in Business Information Processing: Advances in global sourcing: Models, Governance, and Relationships / [ed] Ilan Oshri, Julia Kotlarsky and Leslie Willcocks, Springer , 2013, p. 71-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A majority of the research on offshoring is positioned on a macro level, explaining firm level strategies for offshoring and the antecedents of offshoring decisions, but research on implementation of offshoring strategies is rare. The author suggest that the actual development and implementation of offshoring can be better understood by applying a meso level approach; the middle management in the organization and its relation to top management directives, when implementing an offshoring strategy. A multiple case study of two multinational company’s offshoring product development to captive centers in India and China show how middle management facilitates the transfer process. By placing the study at a meso level and taking a strategy-as-practice perspective, the findings included: a) the iterative nature of the offshoring process, b) the lack of (communicated) strategies for offshoring and its consequences, and c) a set of routines connected to offshoring emerging at different levels in the company.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2013. p. 71-92
Keywords [en]
Offshoring, middle management, sweden, india, strategy implementation, strategy as practice
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22892DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-40951-6ISI: 000345037000005ISBN: 978-3-642-40950-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-22892DiVA, id: diva2:665765
Note

7th Global Sourcing Workshop 2013; Val d'Isere; France; 11 March 2013 through 14 March 2013

Available from: 2013-11-20 Created: 2013-11-19 Last updated: 2014-12-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Managing offshoring of complex products: Strategy and capabilities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing offshoring of complex products: Strategy and capabilities
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Offshoring is a hot topic in the industrial and academic community over the last few years, evolving from a focus on manufacturing to product development and R&D. Offshoring refers to the process of sourcing and coordinating tasks across national borders and can include both in-house and outsourced activities performed by a supplier. There is a lot of research guiding the decision of what, where and how to offshore, but research on how to implement offshoring strategies is rare. The purpose of this dissertation is to contribute to the knowledge on how companies deal with offshoring in practice, relating to strategy, planning and routines. It discusses what type of capabilities that is needed to gain the benefits of offshoring implementations.

The research builds on case studies from two multinational companies offshoring product development from Sweden to captive and offshore development centres in India and China through a series of interviews, review of business documentation and other types of active engagements over time.

This research highlights how the development and implementation of offshoring can be better understood by focusing on the middle management in the organization and how they relate to the top management directives when implementing an offshoring strategy.  The thesis contributes to existing theory by explaining offshoring as a process, situated in a certain context and time. It defines key routines and capabilities needed to facilitate offshoring of complex product systems. Including context, timing and sequence when analysing offshoring help explain why some organizations fail to implement offshoring initiatives.

The companies had an iterative learning process to deal with offshoring, and inclusion of all levels in an organization was highlighted as a key success factor for the implementation of offshoring. The results extend current understanding of offshoring of complex products to Asia and provide useful guidelines for managers on the key issues they need to consider. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2014
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 152
Keywords
Strategy, organizational capabilities, offshoring, product development, India, China
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-24504 (URN)978-91-7485-136-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-04-04, Raspen, Smedjegatan 37, Eskilstuna, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Effective outsourcing/offshoring of research, development and engineering
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2014-03-21Bibliographically approved

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Edoff, Petra

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  • Other locale
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  • asciidoc
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